Auschwitz birkenau this was the principal

This preview shows page 15 - 17 out of 22 pages.

Auschwitz - Birkenau – This was the principal extermination center for the Nazi regime in 1943. The Nazis had many camps, but as the war dragged on, this became the main one. The Nazis shipped Jews from all over Europe to Auschwitz, where 1 to 1.5 million Jews were killed. Auschwitz also had affiliated slave-labor factories, in which Jews considered able to work were often worked literally to death. The Jewish would arrive to Auschwitz crammed into cattle cars on special trains. SS Doctors would choose those who were able to work, and separate them from those (primarily women and children) who were sent to gas chambers and killed. Those who were proven to be unfit after worked too much were also put to death as well. The SS personnel who were involved with the camps were sworn to silence. Rudolf Hoss was the commander of Auschwitz, and Adolf Eichmann organized the transport of the Jews to the camp. Teheran-Conference – Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin met for the first time in November of 1943. This conference took place in Teheran, Iran They agreed that the next step to win the war was to invade Western Europe from Britain. Preparations had been underway since early 1942, but the operation was complex and hazardous. The Teheran Conference was in response in the need to find a second front in which to attack Germany from. D - Day- This was a direct result of the Teheran Conference, where Allied troops crossed the English Channel to make an amphibious landing on the beaches of Normandy, in northern France, on June 6 th , 1944. The allied troops were able to consolidate their positions by deceiving the Germans. The success of the D-Day invasion was what opened up the allied forces to a major second front on Europe. American led forces from the West and Soviet forces from the East worked Systematically towards Germany. The Battle of the Bulge in December 1944 slowed the allied advance, but Allied troops were eventually able to cross the Rhine river in March 7 th , 1945.
The Soviets were successful in pushing Germany out of Eastern Europe, which would later affect the geographic distribution of military strength in the postwar agreements. Churchill was worried about Soviet influence in East-central Europe, and wanted to push up through Yugoslavia. Roosevelt, however, said that this was not necessary, so they instead opened a second landing in Southern France in August 1944. Yalta Conference – This conference was held in February 1945, when an Allied victory was assured. The meeting was between Stalin, Churchill, and Roosevelt. Controversy surrounds the Yalta Conference, however. Concessions made to Stalin consigned East-Central Europe to communist domination and opened up the way for the Cold War of the next forty years. The Allies made up plans to have military occupation in different parts of Germany, and for join occupation of Berlin, as well as an Allied Control Council, composed of military commanders-in- chief, which would make policy for Germany by unanimous agreement. Stalin agreed to declare

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture