point was a smaller projectile than the Clovis point and was used to hunt large straight
The straight horned bison replaced the mammoth as the major game animal after the mammoth became extinct.
The first examples of the Clovis point were found in
Clovis, New Mexico in 1929
Both the Clovis and Folsom points were found in New Mexico. The Folsom point was first discovered in Folsom, New
Mexico in 1927.
The Upper Paleolithic Period (beginning about 40,000 years ago) was characterized by the emergence of
stone-tool industries, such as the Perigordian, Aurignacian, Solutrean, and Magdalenian of
Europe, as well as other localized industries of the Old World and the oldest known cultures of the New
Principally associated with the fossil remains of such anatomically modern humans as Cro-Magnons, Upper
Paleolithic industries exhibit greater complexity, specialization, and variety of tool types and the emergence of
distinctive regional artistic traditions.
pieces evidently dominated the Upper Paleolithic artistic traditions of eastern Europe;
typical were small, portable clay figurines and bone and ivory carvings.
The works from this area include simple but realistic stone and clay animal figurines, as well as carved stone
statuettes of women, referred to by scholars as Venus figures. These small, stylized figures are characteristically
rotund, emphasizing parts of the female body associated with sexuality and fertility; many are so abstract that only
protuberant breasts and exaggerated hips are clearly distinguishable.
Monumental arts flourished in western Europe, the province of the so-called Franco-Cantabrian
where limestone caves provided a sheltered surface for paintings, incised designs, and relief carvings.
These caves have preserved much small carving of fine quality and an abundant and varied sample of prehistoric
graphic art, from simple finger tracings in clay to sophisticated polychrome paintings, generally depicting animals, of
dynamic naturalism and exquisite design.
The Paleolithic period was everywhere followed by the
, a period when man continued to use
stone tools, mostly microlithic, and, while still in the hunting-and-gathering stage, depended less for his
food supply on large mammals than on fish and mollusks.
In Africa the evidence for the Mesolithic is still scanty. In the Lower Nile Valley, sites have been examined only at
Hulwan (Helwan) and Kawm Umbu (Kom Ombo).
The existence of modern mud-lined baskets among the Nilotes, the accidental burning of which could
have led to the invention of pottery
, suggests that it was possibly an African discovery.
At the latitude of Khartoum, for a considerable distance to each side of the Nile, have been found sites of a Mesolithic
culture in which large, well-fired, unburnished pots decorated with designs impressed with a fish spine to make them
resemble baskets were made and barbed bone harpoons were used for fishing.
Middle Stone Age