grassroots democracy from those of the 1930s Old Left which had embraced

Grassroots democracy from those of the 1930s old left

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grassroots democracy from those of the 1930s Old Left, which had embraced orthodox Marxism Counterculture “hippie” youth culture of the 1960s, which rejected the values of the dominant culture in favor of illicit drugs, communes, free sex, and rock music Roe v Wade Supreme court decision striking down state laws that banned abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy Woodstock In 1969, roughly half a million young people converged on a farm near Bethel, New York, for a three-day music festival that was an expression of the flower children’s free spirit Hippies Feminism Sexual Revolution Native American Rights Hispanic Rights Gay Rights (what do the four have in common) Richard Nixon First came to national prominence as a congressman involved in the investigation of Alger Hiss Later served as VP during Eisenhower’s administration Elected President in 1968 Slowed the enforcement of civil rights and appointed pro-Southern justices to the Supreme Court
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Began a program of Vietnamization of the war In 1973, the US, North and South Vietnam, and the Viet Cong agreed to end the war and the US withdrew. The ceasefire was broken, and South Vietnam fell to North Vietnam. In 1970, Nixon declared that the US was no longer the world’s policeman and he would seek some partnerships with Communist countries, historically travelling to China and the Soviet Union In 1972, he was re-elected, but the Watergate scandal erupted shortly after his victory. He resigned under threat of impeachment. Henry Kissinger Served as the secretary of state and national security adviser in the Nixon administration Negotiated with North Vietnam for an end to the Vietnam war The cease-fire did not last and the South fell to the North Helped organize Nixon’s historic trips to China and the Soviet Union In the Middle East, he negotiated a cease-fire between Israel and its neighbors during the Yom Kippur War and solidified Israel’s promise to return to Egypt most of the land it had taken during the 1967 war Stagflation Term coined by economists during the Nixon presidency to describe the unprecedented situation of stagnant economic growth and consumer price inflation occurring at the same time 1970s Oil Embargo Gradual Withdrawal Vietnam; “Vietnamization” Nixon-era policy of equipping and training South Vietnamese forces to take over the burden of combat from US troops Pentagon Papers Informal name for the defense department’s secret history of the Vietnam conflict Leaked to the press by former official Daniel Ellsberg and published in the New York Times in 1971 Détente Period of improving relations between the US and Communist nations, particularly China and the Soviet Union, during the Nixon administration SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) Agreement signed in 1972 by President Nixon and Secretary Brezhnev prohibiting the development of missile defense systems in the US and Soviet Union and limiting the
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