{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

DSST Business Ethics Study Guide sm

Citation needed virtually all of the non annex i

Info iconThis preview shows pages 3–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
acquire greenhouse gas certificates as cheaply as possible. [ citation needed ] Virtually all of the non-Annex I countries have also established a designated national authority to manage its Kyoto obligations, specifically the "CDM process" that determines which GHG projects they wish to propose for accreditation by the CDM Executive Board. Social contract From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about "Social contract" as a political and philosophical concept. For Rousseau's 1762 treatise, see The Social Contract . For other meanings, see Social Contract (disambiguation) . Social contract describes a broad class of theories that try to explain the ways in which people form states to maintain social order . The notion of the social contract implies that the people give up sovereignty to a government or other authority in order to receive or maintain social order through the rule of law . It can also be thought of as an agreement by the governed on a set of rules by which they are governed. Social contract theory formed a central pillar in the historically important notion that legitimate state authority must be derived from the consent of the governed . The starting point for most of these theories is a heuristic examination of the human condition absent from any structured social order, usually termed the “ state of nature ”. In this condition, an individual’s actions are bound only by his or her personal power, constrained by conscience . From this common starting point, the various proponents of social contract theory attempt to explain, in different ways, why it is in an individual’s rational self-interest to voluntarily give up the freedom one has in the state of nature in order to obtain the benefits of political order. Thomas Hobbes (1651), John Locke (1689) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1762) are the most famous philosophers of contractarianism. The first advocated the authoritarian monarchy of commonwealth, the second advocated the liberal monarchy, and Rousseau the liberal republicanism. Their work provided theoretical groundwork of constitutional monarchy , liberal democracy and republicanism . The Social Contract was used in the Declaration of Independence as a sign of enforcing Democracy. Overview According to Thomas Hobbes, human life would be "nasty, brutish, and short" without political authority. In its absence, we would live in a state of nature, where we each have unlimited natural freedoms, including the "right to all things" and thus the freedom to harm all who threaten our own self-preservation; there would be an endless "war of all against all" ( Bellum omnium contra omnes ). To avoid this, free men
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
establish political community i.e. civil society through a social contract in which each gain civil rights in return for subjecting himself to civil law or to political authority.
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}