Ball out of bounds put into play by first player to

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Ball out of bounds put into play by first player to get it A game with two 15-min periods 2 fouls - you were disqualified until next goal made 3 consecutive fouls - a goal for the other team o Quick rule changes Pivot allowed (1893) Dribble allowed (1896) 5 players on a team (1897) Cut the bottom out of the basket (1906) Changed the rule about the free for all out of bounds Set up chicken wire fences on sidelines to keep players out of stands o How was the game spread Visitors to YMCA training school YMCA newsletter YMCA graduates o Woman named Senda Berenson, Smith College (women's university) She visited the YMCA, liked the game, took it back to her university and taught it to women at her school. 3 zones 6 or 9 players on a team Stealing not allowed o James Naismith was the first Basketball coach at the University of Kansas He was disappointed as to how it was evolving, want it to be for sports recreation. Basketball Hall of Fame in Springfield named after him Volleyball: the 2nd Sport of the YMCA o 1895 , William Morgan, Holyoke MA YMCA o Lunch-time recreational sport o Initially called Minonette (or mintonette) o 6'6" net o No limit of players o Game = 9 innings (each inning = 3 serves by each team)
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o No limit on number of hits before ball crosses net o Introduced at YMCA trainingg school later that year and re-named volleyball o Around 1900, introduces in Canada, in Cuba by US Army, in Japan by Japanese grad of the YMCA training school o 1916 (Philippines): offensive strategy of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player (the set and spike) were introduced. The Filipinos developed the "bombs" or kills, and called the hitter a "bomberino". The reconstruction Era Civil War to Early 1900s o Reconstruction (physically and socially) o Technology (electricity, telephone, printing press, radio, moving pictures) o Relocation of American Indian population o Legislated schooling o Increased demand for teachers o Focus/purpose of college education changed (job training: teachers, engineers, technical needs) Separate but equal o How would free African Americans now fit into US Society? Educational systems Jim Crow Laws Plessy vs. Ferguson Impact of separate but equal on education First college Physical Education Programs and leaders o Colleges/Universities get into the business of training teachers (either start programs and align with existing private “normal” schools) YMCA Training School (Springfield, MA) Newcomb College (Tulane University) o The first “PE leaders/thinkers emerge” Dudley Sargent (designs strength training equipment, founds “Harvard Fatigue Lab” William Anderson (organizes meeting of college PE faculty, helps form AAPE – today’s AAHPERD) Amy Morris Homans (organizes and hosts “Boston Conference on Physical Training”) Sport becomes a larger part of American Life (but at a racially segregated level) o Baseball proliferates the US o Professional baseball begins o
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