As group members become more comfortable with one another, they may oppose the formation of a group structure as they begin to assert their individual personalities. Members often become hostile and even fight ground rules set during the forming stage. This is a crucial stage in the development of team or group because differences amongst group members emerge. 3. Norming In this stage the conflicts that arose in the storming stage are addressed and hopefully resolved. Group unity emerges as members establish common goals, norms, and ground rules. The group as a whole participates, not merely a few vocal members. Members begin to voice personal opinions and develop close relationships. 5. Performing After the structural issues have been resolved, the group begins to operate as a unit. The structure of the group now supports and eases group dynamics and performance. Members can now redirect their efforts from the development of the group to using the group’s structure to complete the tasks at hand. 6. Adjourning There are groups or teams that are constituted for a given period of time. When the time period of a group ends; the group has to complete its task and then it is disbanded. With disbandment in mind, the group’s focus shifts from high task performance to closure. The attitude of members varies from excitement to depression. Concepts Group structure: the roles and relationship within the group. Norms: the expected and accepted pattern of behaviour of individuals in group. Group Dynamics: the changing roles and relationship in group behaviour and formation and disbandment of group. Quality circle: it is a kind of team or group which works together toward performance/quality of work assigned to the team.
Introduction To Public Administration–MGT111 VU © Copyright Virtual University of Pakistan 129 LESSON 36 TEAM – II At the end of lecture the students will be able to understand: - What are team norms; - Understand team cohesiveness; - Methods to increase team cohesiveness - Meaning and concept of communication Team Norms When group members work together they form expectations about how they and the other members will behave. Some of these norms are carried over from society in general, such as dressing “properly’” for work or showing up on time. Others are particular to the group and its special goals, such as questioning “conventional ideas”. When an individual breaks with team norms, the other members will probably pressure that individual to conform. Team norms are therefore important to adhere to by the team/group members. Without the understanding of norms and adherence to norms groups cannot function. Team Cohesiveness The solidarity, or cohesiveness, or togetherness of team member is an important indicator of how much influence the group has over its individual members. The more cohesive the group-the more strongly members feel about belonging to it and the greater its influence. If the members of a group feel strongly attached to it, they are not likely to violate its norms.
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