8. Counselling Services This is the most personalized of all the unit services. Counselling is one of the units that bring the counsellor and the client on a face to face interaction. Here the counsellor penetrates the inner world of the client personal and social needs. The role of the classroom teacher in this direction is to refer serious counseling problems to the professionally trained counsellor. While less serious cases can be handle by the classroom teacher. Good listening skills and probing and caring response from the teacher may be all that is required to treat some students problems. Guidance and Counselling as a Tool for National Transformation According to Collins English Dictionary (2009) the word transformation is defined as change in form, appearance, nature and character. Therefore National transformation may be explained as the processes involved in changing in form the appearance, nature and character of the nation from attitudes and practices that are counterproductive to national development to productive ones. Viewed from this perspective we are considering a Nigerian nation whose state of affairs need transformation. The Nigerian nation is markedly full of insecurity of lives 10
and property, corruption, terrorism, kidnapping, poverty, unwanted killings of innocent citizens, unemployment, petroleum bunkering to mention but a few. Virtually no single sector of Nigerian economy is spared of these indecencies. It has been accepted by many scholars that education is a very powerful tool that can transform and propel any society towards development. Odo (2001) expressed that in order to achieve fully the aims of education within and outside the school system, guidance and counselling services should go along with learning for maximum achievement. Olayinka (2003) asserted that guidance and counselling services should be provided in secondary schools to cater for the collective and individual needs of the students. The FRN(2004) believed that guidance and counselling as part of educational services, shall among other things develop, assess and improve educational programmes; enhance teaching and improve the competence of teachers; reduce educational costs and make learning more meaningful for children. Egbochukwu in Egbo (2009) compared school guidance and counselling to a broom. According to her, the broom is among the least prized possessions in the home, but the absence of the broom in the home leaves it with filths. It is the same with schools. The implication is that guidance and counselling services in schools enable the students to overcome their problems and enhance their self definition, understanding and actualization. In effect, it embraces life skill education in the life of the students. It does not only, as a result, enhance their improved academic performance but it prepares them for the world of work and champions their psychosocial interests and competencies.
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- Summer '19
- Counseling Psychology, Secondary education, School counselor, Guidance and Counselling