Primitivism and progress issues of birth growth and

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Primitivism and ProgressIssues of birth, growth and decay were tackled. Thevalue of historical study was that it showed by whatgradual steps the transition had been made from thefirst simple efforts of uncultivated nature to a state ofthings which was ‘so wonderfully artificial andcultivated’ Glorification of the ‘noble savage’Eclecticism (1830s)A composite system of thought made up of viewsselected from various other systems. Eclectics claim that no one should accept blindly fromthe past legacy of a single philosophical system to theexclusion of all others but each should deciderationally and independently what philosophical factsused in the past were appropriate to the present andthen recognize and respect them in whatever contextthey might appear. Roman Revival-influences of the Roman monumental compositionalforms -the new tendency to fit public buildings into antiquetemples-the tendency to incorporate the compositional formsof Antique temples into public buildings -importance of ruins and archaeological studies
Greek revival Acknowledgement of the idea of the Parthenon as themost perfect building ever constructed; its qualitieshave been interpreted to justify every change inarchitectural fashion,From the servile duplication of its composition anddetails to the most individualistic creations inreinforced concrete and steel. -traditional use of plumb lines, squares and levels-regard for public buildings as objects in space ratherthan objects enclosing space. -making pediments correspond to the structural realityof the pitched roofRenaissance revivalThe renaissance revival allowed an architect to selectand even to invent for himself such as compositionaland decorative forms as might be considered suitablefor the occasion.Introduced common sense into architectural designPicturesque and lack order and symmetry of classicalarchitecture. Skill of architects not to be found in archaeologicalaccuracy of facades but in the orderly sequences ofaccommodation on awkward sites, skilful combinationof different and new materials Gothic nationalism Buildings with pseudo-medieval details ideals withwhich to justify Gothic revival were immensely variedand often diametrically opposed. Neglect of practical comforts and functional planning;spaces were planned more with an eye to their sceniceffect than to their workability PolychromyIntroduction of variegations into the exterior design offaçades.Exteriors should display colors of various hues.Structural coloration: architectural form wasnecessarily structural form, and hence, effects of colorshould result from the structural materials by which anedifice was actually built.Functionalism-Symbols of function Biological analogy -Architecture based on anatomy-Concept of Organic Architecture -parts of a whole -Morphology: science of form-Form follows function-Influence of the Environment Mechanical analogy-scientific evolution and artistic evolution follow thesame laws -movement and function

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