lightly by researchers, IRBs, or any institution involved in clinical research with human subjects. Privacy guarantees are embedded in statutes ensuring that human rights are guaranteed (Cohen & Mello, 2018; HHS.gov, 2019) Informing subjects that their privacy is crucial provides open possibilities for continued studies using human subjects who appreciate that their privacies, rights, dignity, are protected by researchers, the law, and ethics (Nisselle, 2018).
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 7 References Buford, T. (2016). Hypertension and aging. Ageing Research Reviews, 26, 96–111. doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2016.01.007 Castro, I., Waclawovsky, G., & Marcadenti, A. (2015). Nutrition and physical activity on hypertension: Implication of current evidence and guidelines. Current Hypertension Reviews, 11 (2), 1-9. doi:10.2174/1573402111666150429170302 Cohen, G., & Mello, M. (2018). HIPAA and protecting health information in the 21st century. JAMA, 320 (3), 231-232. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5630 Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. (2019). E-CFR. Unites States Government Publishing office Retrieved from gpo.gov. [Online] Gurarya, S., London, N., & Gurarya, S. (2014). Ethics in medical research. Journal of Microscopy and Ultrastructure, 2 (3), 121-126. doi: 10.1016/j.jmau.2014.03.003 HHS.gov. (2019). The Belmont report. United States Department of Health and Human Services. [Online] HHS. (2007). Clinical research and the HIPAA privacy rule. United States Department of Health and Human Services. [Online] Lee, C., Kim, J., Shim, E., Hong, S., Lee, M., Jeon, J., & Park, S. (2018). The effects of diet alone or in combination with exercise in patients with pre-hypertension and hypertension: A randomized controlled trial. Korean Circulation J ournal , 48 (7), 637–651. doi: 10.4070/kcj.2017.0349 Mariampillai, J., Eskas, P., Heimark, S., Larstorp, A., Elmula, F., Hoieggen, A., & Nortvedt, P. (2017). Apparent treatment-resistant hypertension – patient–physician relationship and ethical issues. Blood Pressure, 26 (3), 133-138. doi: 10.1080/08037051.2016.1277129
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS 8 Masic, I., Hodzic, A., & Mulic, S. (2014). Ethics in medical research and publication. International Journal of Preventative Med icine 5 (9), 1073–1082. Nisselle, P. (2018). Essential learning: Law and ethics. Medical Protection. [Online]. Schwartz, C. & McManus, R. (2015).What is the evidence base for diagnosing hypertension and for subsequent blood pressure treatment targets in the prevention of cardiovascular disease? BMC Medicine, 13 (256). doi: 10.1186/s12916-015-0502-5 United States Department of Education. (2015). FERPA guidelines. Retrieved from
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