The elected leader of the minority party in the house

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the elected leader of the minority party in the House or Senate open rule a provision by the House Rules Committee that permits floor debate and the addition of new amendments to a bill oversight the effort by Congress, through hearings, investigations, and other techniques, to exercise control over the activities of executive agencies party unity vote a roll-call vote in the House or Senate in which at least 50 percent of the members of one party take a particular position and are opposed by at least 50 percent of the members of the other party patronage the resources available to higher officials, usually opportunities to make partisan appointments to offices and to confer grants, licenses, or special favors to supporters pocket veto a presidential veto that is automatically triggered if the president does not act on a given piece of legislation passed during the final ten days of a legislative session pork barrel (or pork) appropriations made by legislative bodies for local projects that are often not needed but that are created so that local representatives can win re-election in their home districts
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private bill a proposal in Congress to provide a specific person with some kind of relief, such as a special exemption from immigration quotas redistricting the process of redrawing election districts and redistributing legislative representatives roll-call vote a vote in which each legislator's yes or no vote is recorded as the clerk calls the names of the members alphabetically select committee
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