being effective and persuasive; amongst other accomplishments he lowered the interest of the post-Civil War debt and helped President Hayes win the election despite the previous controversies. Shortly after being elected for U.S. Senate he was nominated to represent the Republicans in the next Presidential elections. His presidency, though effective, was cut short when he was shot at a railroad station in Washington. He fought for ten weeks as doctors unsuccessfully tried to remove the bullet from his back until he dies on September 19, 1881. The Chinese Exclusion Act , the first immigration restricting law against ethnics in the U.S., was initiated in 1882, even though several different ethnicities had been mas immigrating into the country for long before that. Although the Chinese only took up roughly .002 percent of the American population, they were mostly concentrated in California where they made up for about 25 percent of the labor force. The majority of these Chinese populations came to the West coast around the same time as the California Gold Rush was happening, between 1849 and 1882; until this law prevented any more Chinese individuals or families from coming into the country or even staying in the country (for those that were already there).
Discuss the rise of big business in the US (1865-1900) with an emphasis placed on the roles of government, business leaders, labor unions, and workers. How did this movement impact the growth of the United States? As businesses in the United States grew, certain companies began to grow into monopolies and control different industries such as Andrew Carnegie in his steel empire and John Rockefeller with his standard oil company. Rockefeller became so powerful that he basically gained control of the whole nations oil prices. Men like them became known as robber barons because the cut corner where ever they could, such as wages, workers, and conditions. This is when labor unions started to form. Unions such as the Knights of Labor fought to restrict child labor, improve working conditions, abolish contract labor, set more land aside for homesteading, and several other issues. Other labor unions included the American Federation of Labor which stood for similar values along with shorter working hours. Many immigrants came to the United States for a better life and more opportunities which they thought working at these big companies would bring, so much so they would work for less money. With immigrants so willing to work for so little, companies could hire more of them without paying more money. Since there were no working condition standards anything was acceptable which is why unions had to step it. Supervisors would even lock doors to keep workers in to work more hours. The US began to grow immensely due to the rise in businesses and population of the people.
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