New societies a colonies provide opportunity for

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a.Colonies provide opportunity for impoverished nobles to increase wealthb.Make their mark7.Religiona.Crusades. Zeal (missionaries). Later persecuted minorities seek refuge in America from mean europeans. 8.American collaboratorsa.Trading companies mobilize resources (Seafare tech) give stability (sail, rudder). This allows them to sail furtherExtras: iron, gunpower, horses, weaponsB. The Great Dying and the Little Ice Age1.Demographic collapse of Native American societiesa.Europe bring disease (native no immunity) Millions die2.Pre-Columbian Population: 60 – 80 million peoplea.West Hemis. Had 60-80 million ppl. Mortality rate: 90%3.European and African diseases4.Coincided with Little Ice AgeC. The Columbian Exchange
1.Labor shortage2.Migrant slaves created new societies3.American food crops4.American stimulants5.Exchange with the Americas6.The Columbian ExchangeII. Comparing Colonial Societies in the AmericasA. In the Lands of the Aztecs and the Incas1.Spanish conquest, early 16th century2.Commercial agriculture and mining3.Rise of a distinctive social orderB. Colonies of Sugar1.Lowland Brazil and the Caribbean2.Arabs introduced sugar production to Mediterranean3.Sugar transformed Brazil and the Caribbean4.Mixed-race workforce; racial systems evolvedC. Settler Colonies in North America1.New colonial society2.British settlers more numerous3.

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