Parallel = children play alone, but are keenly interested in what others are doing (12 months) ii. Simple social play = children so similar activities and talk or smile at each other (15-18 months) iii. Cooperative play = theme-based play where children take special roles (24 months) iv. Pretend play (16-18 months) promote imagination, sociability, and adjustment b. Helping i. Prosocial behavior = one that benefits another ii. Altruism = prosocial behaviors not directly benefiting the self, but driven by feelings of responsibility toward others 1. 18 months –recognize other’s distress signals and will try to comfort them 2. 3 years = gradually starting to understand other’s needs and learning appropriate altruistic responds iii. Perspective-taking = accurate perception of another’s physical, social or emotional viewpoint as distinct from one’s own 1. Empathy is one manifestation –the actual experience of another’s feelings 2. The state and trait of empathy promote helping iv. Children are more prosocial and/or empathic when parents: 1. Model warmth and concern for others, being cooperative, helpful and responsive 2. Discipline warmly and supportively, set guidelines, and give feedback 3. Use reason while disciplining stating how children’s’ actions affect others 4. Provide children opportunities to behave prosocially in and outside the home
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- Fall '14
- secure attachment, secure attachment results, Attachment growth, True attachment