Q.7 Distinguish between Attitude and Aptitude and how will you explain this with reference to organization?Solution-Aptitude — it is a component of a competency to do a certain kind of work at a certainlevel, which can also be considered “talent”. Aptitudes may be physical or mental. Aptitude is notknowledge, understanding, learned or acquired abilities (skills) or attitude. The innate nature ofaptitude is in contrast to achievement, which represents knowledge or ability that is gained.Attitude — It is the positive or the negative feeling towards a person, object, event, idea etc. It is apsychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favouror disfavour.Difference between Attitude and Aptitude:Attitudeis positive / negative / indifferent feeling towards a person, object, event or idea.Aptitudeis a competency to do certain kind of work. Both attitude and aptitude can be nurtured.While Attitudeis associated with character or virtues.Aptitudeis associated with competence.Attitudeunderpins the character, virtues and moral values.Whileaptitudedetermines if the person would develop desired skills to do a task.Attitudeis only mental.Whileaptitudeis both mental and physical.Q.9 what is difference between a Leader and a Manager? Explain basic difference between thetrait, behavioral and contingencies types or categories of leadership theory?Solution-People often mistake leadership and management as the same thing but in essence, theyare very different. The main difference between the two is that leaders have people that followthem, while managers have people who simply work for them. Particularly in small businesses, for asmall business owner to be successful they need to be both a strong leader and manager to get their
team on board with working towards their vision of success. Leadership is about getting people tocomprehend and believe in the vision you set for the company and to work with you on achievingyour goals, while management is more about administering and making sure the day-to-day activitiesare happening as they should.Leadership and management must go hand in hand. They are not the same thing, but they arenecessarily linked and complementary to one another. Any effort to separate the two within anorganisation is likely to cause more problems than it solves. For any company to be successful, itneeds management that can plan, organise and coordinate its staff, while also inspiring andmotivating them to perform to the best of their ability.LEADERSHIP IS ABOUT INSPIRING AND MANAGEMENT IS ABOUT PLANNINGLeaders have a tendency to praise success and drive people, whereas managers work to find faults.They paint a picture of what they see as possible for the company and work to inspire and engagetheir people in turning that vision into reality. Rather than seeing individuals as just a particular set ofskills, they think beyond what they do and activate them to be part of something much bigger.