Differences between Phenomenological theory and Grounded theory:Phenomenology emerged from philosophy, primarily influenced by Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger; it aims to describe and explore experiences, which can only be done by collecting data from individuals who have lived through those experiences (Grove, et. al., 2015). Hence phenomenologists often refer to the lived experience and data is often limited to interviews, while findings are reported as a rich description of the experience drawing on characteristics identified during data analysis.Grounded theory developed in sociology and was first described by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss as a qualitative methodological approach in which the aim was to generate a grounded theory to describe and explain the phenomenon under study (Grove, et. al., 2015). Unlike phenomenologists, grounded theorists seek to include all data sources that might contribute to theory development (Fathi, et. al., 2016). Interviews are commonly used but they might also
include observations, diaries, images, past literature and research. Using a technique described asconstant comparison, they compare all the data collected with all other data look for contradictory cases, which might challenge the emerging theory but will ultimately strengthen it (Fathi, et. al., 2016). This complex process of theoretical sampling, data collection and analysis can be extremely challenging.Fathi Najafi, T., Latifnejad Roudsari, R., Ebrahimipour, H., & Bahri, N. (2016). Observation in Grounded Theory and Ethnography: What are the Differences?Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal,18 (11), e40786. Grove, S., Gray, J., Burns, N. (2015). Understanding Nursing Research: Building an Evidence- Based Practice . (6 th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.
- Fall '18
- Qualitative Research, Grounded theory, et. al., Grounded theory and Ethnographic theory, Phenomenological theory and Grounded theory