Once Radical Reconstruction accorded suffrage rights to southern black men

Once radical reconstruction accorded suffrage rights

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and at how southern politics shaped Reconstruction. Once Radical Reconstruction accorded suffrage rights to southern black men, African-Americans voted and ran for office. Blacks held over 2,000 public offices during Reconstruction, there were fourteen black members of the U.S. House and two black U.S. senators. Many white southerners, however, felt threatened by black political power, and the Ku Klux Klan began a campaign of terror and violence that sought to intimidate Republican voters, white and black. After the Klan was abolished through the efforts of President Ulysses Grant, white Democrats continued efforts to “redeem” the South from perceived corruption, misgovernment, and northern and black control. Reconstruction ended in 1877, after a compromise was made between the Republicans and Democrats over the disputed 1876 presidential election. (Foner) The military aspect of the American Civil War lasted less than five years and ended in April 1865, but it would take another dozen years of Reconstruction to determine what the results of the war would be. The only questions clearly settled by the time of Appomattox were that the nation was indivisible and that slavery must end. The nation faced other issues with far-reaching implications. What would be the place of the freedmen in Southern society? How would the rebellious states be brought back into their "proper relationship" with the Union? The victorious North was in a position to dominate the South, but Northern politicians were not united in either resolve or purpose. For over two years after the fighting stopped, there was no coherent Reconstruction policy. Congress and the president struggled with each other, and various factions in Congress had differing views on politics, race, and union. Congress finally won control and dominated the Reconstruction process until Southern resistance and Northern ambivalence led to the end of
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Reconstruction in 1877.
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