SOCIAL PSYCH READING NOTES .docx

More likely to engage in one night stands without

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More likely to engage in one night stands without love - May be fearful or dismissing - About 1 in 10 infants and adults show insecure attachment - Insecure attachment - Marked by anxiety or ambivalence - Infants will cling to their mother and when she leaves they will cry, however when she returns they may act indifferent or hostile - In adult relationships - They are less trusting and more possessive and jealous - May break up repeatedly with the same person - When discussing conflicts they may get emotional and angry Equity - Equity principle of attraction - What you and your partner get out of a relationship should be proportional to what you each put into it Long- term equity - Unconcerned with short-term equity - Argued that people take pains to avoid calculating any exchange benefits - As people observe their partners being, self- giving, their sense of trust grows Perceived equity and satisfaction - Sharing household chores ranked third in things that people saw as marks of successful marriages - Those in equitable relationships are more content - Those who perceive their relationship as inequitable feel discomfort Self- disclosure - Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others - Trust displaces anxiety and where we are free to open up without the fear of losing the others affection - Most people enjoy intimacy - Feel pleased when a normally reserved person says that they feel like opening up to us - Disclosure reciprocity - Disclosure begets disclosure - We reveal more to those who have been open with us - Intimacy is seldom instant - Growth- promoting listeners - People who are genuine in revealing their own feelings, who are accepting of others’ feelings, empathetic, sensitive and reflective listeners
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How do relationships end? Divorce - Risk of divorce depends on who marries who The detachment process - Close relationships define the social identity that shapes our self- concept - Severing bonds produce a predictable sequence of agitated preoccupation with the lost partner, followed by deep sadness and eventually the start of emotional detachment and a return to normal living - Detaching is a process not an event - ways of coping with a failing relationship - Loyalty - Waiting for conditions to improve - Neglect - Ignore the partner and allow the relationship to deteriorate CHAPTER 12 CONSEQUENCES OF PREJUDICE - Prejudicial attitudes can lead to discriminatory behaviours What are the consequences of racial and gender- based prejudice? Prejudice based on race - Context of the world, every race is a minority - Nature doesn’t cluster races in neatly defined categories Is racial prejudice disappearing?
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- Explicit prejudicial attitudes change quickly Subtle forms of prejudice - Race sensitivity that leads to exaggerated reactions to isolated minority persons - Overpraising accomplishments, over criticizing their mistakes etc Discrimination without awareness - People genuinely believing that they are acting in an egalitarian fashion - If we associate a specific ethnic group with danger then faces from that group till tend to
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