More likely to engage in one night stands without love -May be fearful or dismissing -About 1 in 10 infants and adults show insecure attachment -Insecure attachment -Marked by anxiety or ambivalence -Infants will cling to their mother and when she leaves they will cry, however whenshe returns they may act indifferent or hostile -In adult relationships -They are less trusting and more possessive and jealous -May break up repeatedly with the same person -When discussing conflicts they may get emotional and angry Equity -Equity principle of attraction -What you and your partner get out of a relationship should be proportional to what you each put into it Long- term equity -Unconcerned with short-term equity -Argued that people take pains to avoid calculating any exchange benefits -As people observe their partners being, self- giving, their sense of trust grows Perceived equity and satisfaction -Sharing household chores ranked third in things that people saw as marks of successful marriages -Those in equitable relationships are more content -Those who perceive their relationship as inequitable feel discomfort Self- disclosure -Revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others -Trust displaces anxiety and where we are free to open up without the fear of losing the others affection-Most people enjoy intimacy -Feel pleased when a normally reserved person says that they feel like opening up to us -Disclosure reciprocity -Disclosure begets disclosure -We reveal more to those who have been open with us -Intimacy is seldom instant -Growth- promoting listeners -People who are genuine in revealing their own feelings, who are accepting of others’ feelings, empathetic, sensitive and reflective listeners
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How do relationships end?Divorce -Risk of divorce depends on who marries who The detachment process -Close relationships define the social identity that shapes our self- concept -Severing bonds produce a predictable sequence of agitated preoccupation with the lost partner, followed by deep sadness and eventually the start of emotional detachment and a return to normal living -Detaching is a process not an event -ways of coping with a failing relationship -Loyalty -Waiting for conditions to improve -Neglect -Ignore the partner and allow the relationship to deteriorate CHAPTER 12 CONSEQUENCES OF PREJUDICE -Prejudicial attitudes can lead to discriminatory behaviours What are the consequences of racial and gender- based prejudice?Prejudice based on race -Context of the world, every race is a minority -Nature doesn’t cluster races in neatly defined categories Is racial prejudice disappearing?
-Explicit prejudicial attitudes change quickly Subtle forms of prejudice -Race sensitivity that leads to exaggerated reactions to isolated minority persons -Overpraising accomplishments, over criticizing their mistakes etc Discrimination without awareness -People genuinely believing that they are acting in an egalitarian fashion -If we associate a specific ethnic group with danger then faces from that group till tend to
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