Characteristics of Slave Trading

Data from ship board documents that indicate how many

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Data from ship board documents that indicate how many captives were aboard them Multiple languages were spoken by captives departing any one of these several regions Atlantic Slave Trade Demography 36% female and 64% male Men: 49% Women: 26% Boys: 16% Girls: 9% Europeans crossing to Africa were overwhelmingly men. Throughout the 17 th -19 th centuries, the percentage of children in the Trans-Atlantic slave trade increases. By the 19 th century, almost half of all captives are children. Slave trading ships were small-ish boats when compared to other boats in trans-Atlantic commerce. 200-250 tons They tended to carry 350-450 slaves on average. There were 1.5-2.5 slaves per tonnage of ship European convicts were transported to the Americas at .5 convicts per ton. 5x more slaves per ton of ship than captives. Statistic indicates how tightly packed slaves were in ships. The slave ships typically had 2x guards per captives. They were prison guards of captive slaves. Slaves had 5-7 feet of deck space for person 12.4 million ships loaded in Africa, 10.4 million arrive on American shore The hold of a slaving ship “floating tombs” The voyage between Angola and the Americas takes one half of the time, so its mortality is the least 9.5% mortality rate (varies by region) Arrival of Slaves in the Americans by Area, 1519- 1867 Most captives went to Brazil and the Caribbean (~44% each) North Americans had about 4% slaves arrive from Africa (grew by reproduction) Consequences: Who, Where, When, What? Angola Nigeria Is there a relationship with these regions, their politics today, and their slave past? When: 18 th century in particular Economy: Regional Differences Impact in Africa not the same everywhere Coastal regions- that is where commodities changed hands There exist a fair amount of economic growth. Linkages where there is a lot of commerce going on
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Population Loss 9 million taken from Africa by 18 th century World population in Africa: 30% in 1600, 10% by 1800 Les labor per land area = population decrease
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