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Legislatures are part of statutory law, which extends portions of common law and creates new rights and obligations for both parties. These include rights regarding wages, hours of work and vacations, which all fall under the Employment Standards Act. Govts also create minimums around human rights, occupational health and safety, and compensation for workplace injuries. These stat rights overrule the common law. Rules regarding unionization and collective bargaining are another type of stat law. 2. How is the issue of workplace health and safety both technical and political?Health and safety is a set of rules to follow and procedures to apply. This makes it technical in its approach. It is political in the sense that the employee may be at fault but the employer needs to provide a safe workplace. Whichhazards the employer will address and how they will do so reflects their goals for the workplace. They may choose to eliminate a risk or reduce the risk by implementing PPE.The employer might design work in a way that is unsafe because doing it this way is usually cost-effective. The employer might simply pass along the cost to the worker, WCB and publicly funded medical system. The same dynamic can be seen in the continued exposure of workers to a variety of hazards, for which the injury may take a long time to manifest. 3. Why are employers increasingly organizing work in non-standard ways? What effect does this trend have on women? Non-standard employment is part-time, temporary, contract and casual employment between an employer and a worker. It tends to entail less stability, benefits, social benefits and less statutory regulation of employment conditions. Employers are increasingly organizing work this way to reduce their financial costs in terms of premiums, benefits, overtime pay, etc. These costs are transferred from employers to workers, via poorer remuneration and more hazardous working conditions. These positions also foster a higher risk of ill health. These
jobs are sometimes called precarious work, and seem to be held most often by women, immigrants, and visible minorities. Women are more likely to hold non-standard jobs than men meaning that the work performed by them is les regulated by governments, and they are more likely to be exposed to hazardous working conditions. They have less access to employer-paid health benefits to treat work-related injuries or to workers’ compensation to provide financial support if they are unable to work. There is some combination of employee choice and financial pressuresthat relate to this connection. Unit 31. How is job analysis related to other HRM functions?Job analysis is the building block of everything that HR does, and it affects recruitment and selection, compensation, training and performance management functions. Jobs are created; that is they do not come into existence magically or naturally. A job reflects a series of decisions made by an employer about how the job will achieve an objective. As such, the process of job analysis and design has both technical and political dimensions. An