(b) When in the field, while stalking and patrolling,if the sniper wishes to patrol in condition 3 he needs only to load the magazine into his rifle with a closed bolt. If your magazines are dirty, it may be difficult to seat the magazine with the bolt closed. This allows the weapon to be loaded without a round chambered so the sniper only has to operate the bolt to chamber a round. (c) This method is only for use in the field and during missions, not on the range, in garrison, movement to a range or the field. e. Top-Loading. Top loading with the M40A5 can only be doneone round at a time. In order to fire multiple rounds without having to top load every round, you must fill the detachable box magazine when it is removed from the rifle. This is utilized when all magazine run dry from multiple rounds being fired at an extremely fast pace and one or two rounds need to be fired quickly. It is done when reloading magazines or a magazine change is too slow.(1) Ensure the weapon is on safe and pointed in a safe direction.(2) Unlock the bolt by pulling the bolt handle up and to the rear clearing out the expended brass until the bolt clears the magazine follower. (3) Load the ammunition by placing the round on top of the inserted magazine that is empty. It is not necessary to pullthe round to the rear of the magazine.12
(4) Push the bolt handle forward and down. The weapon isnow loaded and ready to fire with one round in the chamber and zero rounds in the magazine.f. Unloading. To clear the weapon, have the weapon pointed in a safe direction. Place the rifle on safe. (1) Pull the bolt handle up and to the rear extracting and ejecting any round in the chamber. (2) Remove the magazine.(3) Visually inspect the chamber and magazine well for any ammunition. (4) Physically place a finger in the chamber to ensure all rounds have been removed.(5) Have your observer also check to ensure the weapon isunloaded before moving with the rifle.8. IMMEDIATE ACTION. a. Should the weapon fail to fire (and it is off safe), pullthe bolt handle up and to the rear. b. Observe the ejection port for an ejecting round. (1) If a round ejects, push the bolt forward chambering another round and attempt to fire. (2) If a round does not eject, perform remedial action. c. Conduct a press check in order to physically inspect thechamber to see if there is a round in the chamber. (1) If a round is in the chamber or multiple rounds are caught/stuck between the chamber, magazine follower, and bolt face, or ammunition is not aligned properly on the follower, put the rifle on safe, remove the magazine and physically clear any obstructions. (2) Then insert a fresh source of ammunition and reload the rifle, place the rifle on fire and attempt to fire. 13
(3) All this should be done as rapidly as possible without disturbing the snipers position or natural point of aim with the rifle.