Durkheim makes the argument that in traditional roles there is this pressure

Durkheim makes the argument that in traditional roles

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take to be a given, we have to think about it, give it some thought.Durkheim makes the argument that in traditional roles, there is this pressure, this need to work through in a rational way what kind of order we want to create, the kind of rules we need. We are shifting to what we might call a symbolic system where things are explained in a metaphor BUT ITS ALL ABOUT SCIENCE. -The stateAt the time that Durkheim was writing, the issue of who should control education was highly controversial and debated. He was in favor for the secularisation of education, faith should not determine the curriculum. This is still an issue to this day. Durkheim said the state should be in charge for the school syllabus, not religious institutions. School is the institution that help prepare the new generations to live in the modern world. Ultimately is it meant to prepare them into the right passion, capacities, interests etc.The modern world holds a highly specialized division of labour and the state is in the best position to know what the needs of the group are. RELIGION NEEDS TO GO AND IS NO LONGER RELEVANT TO EDUCATION. One cannot determine the content of education outside of a regular context. You cannot determine that students from now until the end of time should study Shakespeare, things change.One of the things that Durkheim takes issue with is that we no longer ought to be teaching the classics such as English or French literature and so on, it’s a vestige of the past. What we need toturn our focus to is science.
-The evolution of pedagogy in FranceIn the first phase, during the scholastic age (12thcentury to the renaissance), the basic elements of the education system were laid out in a rudimentary form. We see the development of basic schools, universities, faculties and degrees and examinations.In the second phase, initiated during the enlightenment period, we see the disintegration of a Christian world in Europe. The church becomes a place at the center of the universe and we see the dawn of secularisation, modernization. What we also see if the rise of humanistic values replaces the older religious values! Human knowledge, human emancipation is placed before the religious.The third phase that begins in the 18thcentury, the phase that we are still in according to Durkheim at the time he was writing, is the one where education is becoming entirely secularised. This is when science enters the basic curriculum! A break with religion as well as the teachings of classical antiquity! Now human diversity needs to be studied, the study of individuality. Change and how to adapt to change! It is important to emphasize that Durkheim is not preaching for promoting a revolution, he doesnot believe in radical change but for him this needs to be a harmonious gentle process. Reason and enlightenment are the potential of humanity for further development.3.Moral education-3 aimsThe first aim of moral education is to socialize the younger generation. A baby is not born moral,we are not born knowing the difference between right or wrong. Society is the group that teaches you the moral ways of life therefore this type of socialization is essential!

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