DSST Fundamentals of counseling

Groups like alcoholics and narcotics anonymous use

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Unformatted text preview: Groups like Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous use reality therapy in their approach to substance abuse. Reality therapy forces a person to take responsibility for their actions and that is exactly what these groups stress. The reality of drug abuse is that the person is trying to escape reality so recognizing that something is wrong and then assuming responsibility to make the changes necessary are critical components to overcoming substance abuse. Work occupies more than half of the average adult’s life. Because work is such an important factor to one’s health, happiness, and satisfaction the emphasis of career counseling has changed from simply finding a career one might good at to finding a career that helps a person achieve their personal and professional goals. Career counseling is similar to other forms of counseling except it focuses on helping clients make decisions about occupations and education. Career counseling places a high emphasis on value exploration and there is a great deal of factual evidence and test results acquired. A main issue in career counseling is that the focus can not be solely on a client’s education or occupation because the wider social and familial context will have a significant impact of the likelihood of success. There are four distinct levels of career counseling. Each level is defined by the depth and breadth of the focus and the amount of work and insight that is required. Type 1 career counseling deals with helping a client make a career decision . Typically a client will not know what direction to take or what education is needed to get to a certain professional goal so he or she goes to a career counselor for short-term help in determining which career is best. Type 2 career counseling focuses on making a career decision by addressing overall decision making skills. Rather than help a client make one decision regarding a career, the counselor gives the client tools to use in any situation where an important decision is required. The focus is on self discovery rather than just finding a job. Type 3 career counseling views a career as a process of choices rather than making one ultimate professional choice. This type of counseling recognizes that as people change so do their career needs and aspirations. These clients are given tools and frameworks to use in order to assess their values as they change over time and relate that changes to career transitions. Type 4 career counseling sees one’s career as the ultimate expression of a self-actualized person who uses their skills and abilities to fulfill their personal and professional goals. This is the ultimate form of career counseling and the type of career most people wish for but seldom achieve. Rather than getting caught up in the grind of working, these clients are encouraged to see their work as an expression of who they are. In this case one’s career is doing what the person loves to do and getting paid to do it....
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Groups like Alcoholics and Narcotics Anonymous use reality...

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