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public. First, they found that male and female sexual response cycles are very similar. Second, they demonstrated that women can achieveorgasm primarily through clitoral stimulation. Through this finding, they legitimized female masturbation by destroying the myth of thevaginal orgasm. This is a claim that Freud made, distinguishing between a clitoral orgasm and a vaginal orgasm. By dispelling the vaginalorgasm myth meant that penile intercourse is not needed for a woman to experience sexual pleasure. In the 1970s they published HumanSexual Inadequacy—a book that revolutionized sex therapy by treating sexual problems through the use of behavioral therapy. Thistype of therapy led to an astounding increase in the rate of successful treatment of sexual problems. We will discuss Masters and Johnsonagain throughout the semester.Contemporary Research StudiesLecture NotesNational surveys are conducted to illustrate research on the general population of men and women, adolescents, and college students. Twosurveys in particular look specifically at adolescence and young adult sexual health. The Youth Risk Behavior Survey is conductedbiannually by the Centers for Disease and Prevention, or the CDC. It measures the prevalence of 6 categories of health risk behaviorsamong youths through representative national, state, and local surveys using self-reported questionnaires. Sexual behaviors thatcontribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV, are among those accessed. The National CollegeHealth Assessment is conducted every fall and spring term at colleges and universities throughout the United States. This survey accessesstudents' health behaviors and their perceptions of the prevalence of these behaviors among their peers. Areas covered are alcohol,tobacco, and other drug use; sexual health, weight, nutrition, and exercise; mental health, injury prevention, personal safety, andviolence.Percentage of College Students Who Reported Having Oral Sex, Vaginal Sex, and Anal Intercourse in the Past30 Days and the Percentage Reporting Using a Condom or Other Protective Barrier, Spring 2012
Lecture NotesThis figure depicts the number of college students who reported having oral, vaginal, or anal sexual intercourse in the past 30 days, andthe percentage that reported using a condom or other protective barrier. This data was collected in the National College Health Assessmentsurvey in the spring of 2012. The first number above each bar on the graph is the percentage of students that reported engaging in thatbehavior. The number below it is the percentage of those students that reported using a condom or barrier for that specific behavior.Emerging Research PerspectivesLecture NotesSome areas of sexual research have largely been ignored by mainstream research. Feminists, gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered, andethnic research perspectives enrich our knowledge of sexuality. Feminists expanded the scope of research to include the subjectiveexperience and meaning of sexuality for women. These women include sexual pleasure, sex and power, erotic material, risky sexual