Page 18 of 50 Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution

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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution For additional information, please attend one of our live cohort sessions. If you feel you still need assistance, please contact the course mentor. __________________________________________________________________________________ Chapter 6: The Media _________________________________________________________________________________ Mentor Note: Communication between the people and elected representatives is vital in a democracy. The mass media transmits information to a diverse audience through print (newspapers, magazines), broadcast (radio, television), and online forums (blogs, news sites, etc.). The media is sometimes called the “Fourth Branch of Government” because of how they hold government officials accountable and help us make informed political decisions. Section 6.1- The Development of the Mass Media in the United States Answer the following question: 1. Besides the internet, circle, highlight, or check which of these sources has the biggest news audience of all media? radio newspapers television magazines Section 6.2- Private Ownership of the Media Mentor Note: The mass media in the U.S. are privately owned businesses who seek to make a profit. As sources compete for readers/viewers, it can affect the way news is reported and how much substantive information is reaching the people. Answer the following questions: 1. Explain some of the consequences of private media ownership in the U.S. they are driven by profit there fore will go for audience appeal over accuracy. No oversight as to what they put out there 2. What is the main criterion for a story’s newsworthiness? accuracy 3. Define market-driven journalism. 7 or 8 major private corporations own all media. So its bottom linie is $$. Audiece appeal rather than educations socal or politicial value. Page 19 of 50
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Study Guide Survey of United States Government and Constitution 4. How does TV networks’ emphasis on infotainment limit the amount of political information reaching the people? Talks about movies and celebrities. It sweeps the complex isues and emphasize drama for ratings Section 6.3- Government Regulation of the Media Answer the following question: 1. What is the independent government agency that regulates the media industry? FCC Section 6.4- Functions of the Mass Media Answer the following questions: 1. What are the functions the media serves for the political system Educates us about politics. Keep our institutions and public personalities honest 2. Why is the media known as “gatekeepers”? helps to keep honesty 3. Does horse-race journalism enhance the public’s knowledge of political issues? Why or why not? It does not because horse race journalism explains which candidate is ahead rather than focus on issues. 4. What does the television hypothesis reveal about the reason behind citizens’ low levels of political knowledge? TV is to blame for citiznes low lever lof pilitical education and increases stress, scandals Section 6.5- Evaluating the Media in Government Answer the following questions: 1. What are the political biases of reporters and media owners/editors? Network will have
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