○ The pancreas is located beneath the stomach and it connects to the small intestines through the duodenum. ● What enzymes are produced by the pancreas and what are their functions? ○ Enzymes produced in the pancreas include lipases that digest fat, proteases which digest proteins, and amylases which digest starch molecules. ● How is insulin related to the digestive system? ○ Insulin turns the glucose produced by the body into energy (ATP.) ○ Insulin is released in the pancreas from a result in high blood sugar levels ● What is the size of the liver and where is it located? ○ The liver is located just below the right lung and it weighs 3 lbs. ● How does the liver function in relation to digestion? ○ The liver process the nutrients obtained through digestion. ● What are other functions of the liver in the body? ○ The liver gets rid of toxins in the body and it stores sugars. ● What is the relationship between the liver and the gallbladder? ○ The location ● What is the function of bile and where does it enter the digestive tract? ○ Bile is important for digestion and absorption of fats and fat-soluble vitamins in the small intestine.
1.Small Intestine and Large Intestine●What are the three sections of the small intestine and what role does each section play in digestion or absorption?
○walls of the small intestine absorb the digested nutrients into the bloodstream○muscles push waste products, including undigested parts of food and older cells, into large intestine○large intestine absorbs water and any remaining nutrients and changes the waste from liquid into stool●What enzymes act inside the small intestine and what are the functions of these enzymes? ○Pancreas secretes pancreatic amylase, which passes through a duct to reach small intestine○Pancreatic amylase completes digestion of carbohydrate, producing glucose○Pancreas also makes trypsin and chymotrypsin, which are released into small