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3.P. 163: What are cataracts, glaucoma, ptosis? What is an age related change in the retina that results in poor vision, esp. in the center of the visual field? Hearing acuity at birth –can babies hear before birth? Hearing changes in infancy p. 164. Hearing in adulthood and aging: presbycusis (truncated range hearing).4.P. 166: Olfactory capability at 1 wk. Taste & Smell - Does early experience affect later taste preference, what can newborns smell, what soothes them? Describe the development of attention from infancy to adolescence (lecture, see also Fig. 4 on p. 209 & p. 207-211). Know selective attention, divided attention, sustained attention, executive attention, orienting, and vigilance.6-day-old infants who were breast fed showed a clear preference for smellingtheir mother's breast pad rather than a clean breast padSelective attention is focusing on a specific aspect of experience that is relevant while ignoring others that are irrelevant. Divided attention involves concentrating on more than one activity at the same time. Sustained attention is the ability to maintain attention to a selected stimulusfor a prolonged period of time. Sustained attention, which is also called vigilance, involves being on high alert for opportunity or danger as well as paying attention for a length of time.Executive attention involves planning actions, allocating attention to goals, detecting and compensating for errors, monitoring progress on tasks, and dealing with novel or difficult circumstances.