parents are citizens of Burma or can prove that their parents were residents of Burma before the 1948 independence. The Rohingya people have faced several conflicts including the attempt to forcibly expel them from Burma which resulted in half of their population being expelled from Burma. They
Surname 3 have been described as among the least wanted ethnic group in the world. The government of Myanmar does not include them as part of their population and they are classified as stateless Bengali Muslims (Islam et al. 34-43). In Myanmar, the Rohingya are faced by several sanctions that have been put in place that bar them. For example, they cannot travel without an official permit, cannot own land and they cannot have more than two children. The 2017 Rohingya persecution in Myanmar, also known as the Burma Genocide, occurred in the late parts of the year. The Myanmar military forces joined forces with the local Buddhist extremists and they attacked the Rohingya people. Several atrocities were committed against them mostly in the north-west Rakhine state ( Ismailee, 257-259) . They included burning down of Rohingya villages, mass killings of Rohingya civilians, rape, looting, and other forms of violence which included abuse of the human rights of this ethnic group. The military and Buddhist extremists destroyed 354 Rohingya villages which they looted and torched and also killed over 10,000 people. The attacks also displaced the Rohingyas who fled to other places in search of shelter. Most of them sought refuge in Bangladesh. According to the UN reports, there were an estimated 690,000 Rohingyans in Bangladesh refugee camps. The 2017 attack on this ethnic group in Burma was termed, by the British, as ethnic cleansing while the French referred to it as genocide. The reason for this is because the Rohingyas are the largest Islamic practitioners in the country and an attack on them was an attack on the Muslim community ( Rummel, 45-86). By getting rid of these noncitizens, the citizens thought that they would be cleansing their ethnicity and religion. Later that year, a seven-member panel dubbed as the Permanent Peoples Tribunal found the military and the authority guilty of acts of genocide committed against the Rohingyas. In
Surname 4 November 2017, a deal was signed between Bangladesh and Myanmar that allowed for the return of the Rohingya refugees to their native land in Rakhine state. Who benefits from Burma genocide? Land grabbers The biggest assumption on the Burma genocide has been that it was as a result of ethnic cleansing. The reason for this assumption is because the target group who were mainly attacked were members of one ethnic group who shared one religion which is Islam ( Ismailee, 257-259) . However, there are some factors that show that there could have been other reasons that propelled the genocide. After the eviction of the Rohingyas, the land in which they occupied was taken and occupied by others. The land was taken by large businessmen and corporations who took it for their business uses. The fact of land grabbing has brought questions on the actual reason that instigated the attacks.
- Fall '19