63. federalism : It was a belief in a strong and powerful central government. It had a strong influence for a couple of decades in the early country. 6 4 . The Federalist : The papers were a collection of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison explaining how the new government/constitution would work. Their purpose was to convince the New York state legislature to ratify the constitution, which it did. 65. Bill of Rights : The Bill of Rights, which consist of the first ten Constitutional Amendments, guarantee certain rights to America citizens in all circumstances. This bill was put forth by Anti-Federalists, who feared forms of government intrusion on personal liberties. 6 6. Compare and contrast the French colonies in North America with their British counterparts, Consider, for example, location, timing, economy, political organization, and religious influences. BRITISH -in present-day US
Jamestwon 1607 -fishing, shipbuilding, ect. -last colony was Georgia -some royal colonies,, some self governed -congressional, anglicans, roman catholic FRENCH -present day Nova Scotia and Newfoundland -Quebec 1608 -fur trade!! -Illinois colony in Detroit -ruled by king of France, some self governed mainly Roman Catholics due to Edict of Nantes preventing protestants BOTH -latecomers to colonization in the New World 1600's-1700's -fishing, shipbuilding, agriculture, fur trade -Roman Catholics 6 7. Suppose the French had won the Seven Years' War, What would have been the consequences for the British colonies in both the short and long run? 1. American colonists having to pay taxes for the British expenditures during the French-Indian War was one of the cornerstones of why the American Revolution occurred. Absent the need for this and Great Britain could have ruled the Colonies for 50-100 years longer. 2. The French wouldn’t have helped the colonists in the Revolution as in the incarnation we live in one France’s reasons for helping us against the British was residual anger over their losses in the Seven Year’s and French and Indian Wars.
3. Current states which border what is now Quebec and was then French Canada would probably have been absorbed into Canada. So there wouldn’t be a New Hampshire, Vermont or Maine in this incarnation. 4. French Canada would have probably included much of what is now Ontario and Upstate New York. 5. There wouldn’t have been a “United States” even if the British later left the colonies or were violently overthrown. The French would have kept the Louisiana Purchase, Russia may have retained Alaska and potentially what is now The Yukon and Northern British Coumbia. Spain/Mexico would have retained what is now the American West. And the myriad native tribes in the center of the country may have retained their autonomy for far longer than they did in our incarnation.
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- Fall '19