for everyone involved in the trafficking ring such as; recruiters, brokers, owners and managers of the hostel or farm to the client (Efrat, n.d.). The functionalist perspective is present with these two factors being evident. This perspective is based on the weakening of social bonds of family, community and church. Families are less active as they are in pursuit of wealth in the industry which allows for the poverty-stricken families to fall apart easily. The poor are who the traffickers prey upon and the families are not strong enough to say no or fight them. The decrease of social constraints creates a type of social incompetence while humans chase the dreams which in turn leads to behaviors detrimental to society (Sullivan, 2016). The understanding of the perspective allows for ways to abolish human trafficking. The fundamental understanding of how society sees human slavery or trafficking is something that must be changed. The youth found to be in victims in human trafficking have a common link of sexual abuse in their childhood which shows they are more vulnerable to exploitation (Reid, et al, 2017). By changing the culture in which children are raised and awareness to the child abuse should be the first step in preventing human trafficking. The Uniform Act has created public awareness that has developed victim services and allows for law enforcement agencies to coordinate amongst each other (Colquitt, 2017). By creating prevention programs such as education and training needed to identify victims. There are three strategy designs by the U.S. State Department that are identified as the “3P’s”, which are protection, prevention and prosecution (Smith, 2014). Prevention is the key to any social deviance or criminal deviance. Education is the leading factor in preventing many social problems.
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- Fall '14