relation to the societal or private economy, but also in relation to the economy of nature and the universe.Taken together this constitutes economy in the very broad sense mentioned in the first section,namely as our search for what we are missing. When Bataillethus focuses on the resources that are necessary for human life it is then the ontological necessity that becomes important, and within such a theoretical perspective the traditional practical aims of economy are placed in brackets.From the very beginning Bataille’s perspective means a displacement, since such a theoretical perspective means that material resources are not just useful things or commodities, but primarily forms of accessible energy: ‘Essentially wealth is energy; energy is the basis and measure of the production.’44 In the first of the following two subsections I sketch the way in which economyaccording to Bataille must be considered on a universal scale. In this perspective wealth is resources and resources energy. Plants of the fields andanimals are energy, which our labour makes disposable. We can devour plants and meat and thus appropriate the energy that we had expended in our labour efforts. Energy is the basis and measure of all production, and the general economy must therefore account for the flow of energy through the universe, through nature and through society (A). As described above, economy in the ordinary sense is normally about the practical handling of human resources. Here one distinguishes between micro-economy and macro-economy, where the former deals with the perspective of the single economical actor, whereas the latter assumes a management perspective at a larger collective unit, typically the society as a whole. A macro-economyin Bataille’s theoretical sense, however, comprises an objectified descriptive account of the energy as such and all of its movements on earth, that is, the flow of energy ineverything earthly going from the physics of the earth to the political economy of human society throughthe biological, the social and the historical, affecting the conscience and therefore ultimately also thought, science and philosophy.Bataille can therefore allow himself to remark that the object of the general economy is not completely separated from its subject,45 and it is the subjective aspect of the general economy that is analysed in the second subsection. It is shown how Bataille presents a micro-economy that also takes the subjective desire as its point of departure, but that does not objectify it as kinetic energy and instead attempts to preserve the experience of the desire and its objects as inner experiences (B).
Homo economicus daThe affirmative participates in a diferent type of economy, not closed but general. Your definition reduces humanity to “Homo Economicus” absent our understanding of economy.