Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals

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2. Have students discuss the different methods of authentication supported between Microsoft’s Web server (Internet Information Services) and the browsers in common use at your organization. Ensure that students cover both basic authentication and Microsoft’s challenge-response scheme. Additional Projects 1. Have students research some projects or services (other than educational institutions) that have integrated with the InCommon federated identity system. 2. Have students research and summarize a federated identity system, like SAML or OAuth. Additional Resources 1. Strong Passwords Done Right 2. OAuth 3. OpenID
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Security+ Guide to Network Security Fundamentals, Fourth Edition 10-9 4. SAML XML 5. SAML Reference code Key Terms behavioral biometrics Authenticating a user by the normal actions that the user performs. brute force attack A password attack in which every possible combination of letters, numbers, and characters is used to create encrypted passwords that are matched with those in a stolen password file. cognitive biometrics Authenticating a user through the perception, thought process, and understanding of the user. common access card (CAC) A Department of Defense (DoD) smart card used for identification for active-duty and reserve military personnel along with civilian employees and special contractors. dictionary attack A password attack that creates encrypted versions of common dictionary words and compares them against those in a stolen password file. hybrid attack A password attack that slightly alters dictionary words by adding numbers to the end of the password, spelling words backward, slightly misspelling words, or including special characters. multifactor authentication Using more than one type of authentication credential. password A secret combination of letters, numbers, and/or characters that only the user should know. Personal Identity Verification (PIV) A government standard for smart cards that covers all government employees. rainbow tables Large pregenerated data sets of encrypted passwords used in password attacks. single sign-on (SSO) Using one authentication credential to access multiple accounts or applications. single-factor authentication Using one type of authentication credentials. smart card A card that contains an integrated circuit chip that can hold information used as part of the authentication process. standard biometrics Using fingerprints or other unique physical characteristics of a person’s face, hands, or eyes for authentication. token A small device that can be affixed to a keychain with a window display that shows a code to be used for authentication. trusted operating system (trusted OS) A hardened operating system that can keep attackers from accessing and controlling critical parts of a computer system.
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