Stegmaier Kuhlmann 2013 policy dismantling Jordan Bauer Green Pedersen 2013

Stegmaier kuhlmann 2013 policy dismantling jordan

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(Stegmaier & Kuhlmann, 2013), ‘policy dismantling’ (Jordan, Bauer & Green-Pedersen, 2013) , or ‘regime destabilization’ (Turnheim & Geels, 2012). It is clear, however, that such pro-cesses would involve policies of delegitimising high -carbon technology, of immobilising associ-ated resources (keeping them in the ground), and of ‘unlearning’ or destruction of competences and in- stitutions for supporting the existing energy regime. LOW-CARBON INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 71
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4. Managing the tensions New technologies and innovations will play a vital role in achieving low-carbon development. However, given the large differences in financial and technological capacity across countries, un- resolved questions of roles and responsibilities remain. Major tensions are already slowing in- ternational negotiations in various arenas, e.g., climate and trade, and impeding the low- carbon transition. This chapter reviews key areas of ten- sion concerning low-carbon innovation policy and strategy at the global level. We concentrate on four major tensions impeding the transformation to a low-carbon world: 1 Climate versus development? Climate change presents a major challenge to humanity. How- ever, there are other challenges, the solutions to which depend on furthering economic and social development, most importantly within poor, developing countries. The real and per- ceived trade-off between these different pri- orities has tended to stifle progress in policy making, but recent discourse has emphasised the creation of ‘co-benefi ts’. Such benefits are most likely to materialize within coherent low-carbon innovation systems. 2 Advanced versus developing economies? Which countries are responsible for the low- carbon transition, how is it done, and within what timeframe? These issues relate to not only the financing of the transformation process; the development of enabling technologies, as well as capacity-building for the adoption of such technologies worldwide, are becoming increas-ingly important in global policy deliberations, especially for developing countries with weaker capabilities. 3 Incumbents versus newcomers? The world of technology has witnessed a constant competi- tion between incumbents and newcomers. But where climate change transformation is con- cerned, this competition takes place against the backdrop of an emerging climate regime and a potential global power shift. Thus, we see a LOW-CARBON INNOVATION AND DEVELOPMENT 73
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competition between incumbent and newcom-er players at multiple levels: technology, corpo-rate, and national. 4 Technology transfer versus innovation coop- eration? The low-carbon development agenda raises important issues about global technology collaboration. The urgency of rapid diffusion often leads to policies for deployment of low-carbon technology through technology transfer. However, the relatively slow process of raising capability levels and establishing collaborative relationships between LICS (as opposed to tech-nology transfer) is likely to lead to more sustain-able outcomes.
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