The operator can also have a servant famulus who has the function of satisfying

The operator can also have a servant famulus who has

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The operator can also have a servant (famulus), who has the function of satisfying his need fornourishment at prearranged times, but who should not be present when he is actively engaged in the ritualKieckhefer, Magic in the Middle Ages(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 163.106J. Dupèbe, “L’écriture chez l’ermite Pelagius”, 117.107Ms. lat. 9336, fol. 2r, gloss: “Item si minus sciens fueris quod non intelligas formam istius artis, potes habere magistrum quitradat tibi istam doctrinam vel alium scientie formam libri melius quam tu, sed alium socium tecum in pronuntiatione orationumhabere non debes.” 108J. Dupèbe, “L’écriture chez l’ermite Pelagius,” 119-120. Similarly in neoplatonic theurgy the correct fashion of pronouncingthe onomata barbarawas a “professional secret orally transmitted,” cf. E.R. Dodds, The Greeks and the Irrational, 292.109Ms. lat. 9336, fol. 2r, gloss: “Magister tamen esse potest tecum qui te instruat et doceat legere orationes in operecompetenter.”110Fol. 2r, gloss: “Item si tu nescis legere orationes sive grecas sive latinas, magister potest legere et tu post eum.” 111Fol. 2r, gloss: “Sed necessarium est quod magister sit bone fidei erga te, quod non faciat causa derisionis. Acquiratur ergoante inceptionem operis magister bone conscientie et fidelis.”23
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operation.112It is the servant who establishes the link between the operator and the outer world; he can,for example, undertake the duty of distributing alms. Obviously he should be a trustworthy man in everyway like his master, since he knows where the ritual is taking place. 113The operator should not run therisk of a denunciation.It may be added, while we are on the topic of the people who surround the practitioner, that thears notoriadoes not require (unlike antique theurgy,114or Christian theurgy of the sort practiced by thehermit Pelagius,115or necromancy116, or even Jewish magic117), the use of child mediums, who are judgedmore apt to establish contact with celestial powers and obtain their favors on account of their virginalpurity. The most famous case is probably that of John of Salisbury, who recounts in the Policraticusthemisadventure by which he was victimized in childhood.118If the manuscript BN 9336 in fact mentionspueri, it is because children, like adults, can practice the ars notoria, and special instructions are providedfor them, especially as far as fasting is concerned. Those of fragile constitution cannot be subjected to therigorous regime of the ritual.119The term puercan equally designate those who are beginners and whohave no experience yet with the notory art.120A Verbal Ritual: Prayers with Angel Names1. Verbal Magic and the Power of Language112Fol. 2r, gloss: “Item licet tibi habere famulum qui tibi propinet necessaria victualium in horis assignatis quibus debesprandere, tamen nunquam sit presens tecum dum procedes in opere legendo orationes.”113Fol. 17v, gloss: “[…] nullus sciat locum in quo tu operaris ad figuras, nisi tu et famulus tuus et magister siquem haberepotes.”114E.R. Dodds,
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