Development effects british rule in india the age of

This preview shows page 4 - 6 out of 37 pages.

DevelopmentEffectsBritish Rule in IndiaTHE AGE OF IMPERIALISM7412SECTIONBEFOREYOUREAD3>;Æ!H?J?I>Æ?GÆ(GA?7Outraged, the British sent general Robert Clive to recapture Calcutta. Clive secretly met with a commander of the Bengal army. Later, when the British met the Bengal army, the commander refused to join in the battle. Why did the commander not fight? He and Clive had made a secret deal. The deal helped the British recapture Calcutta, and the commander became the ruler of Bengal.By taking control of Calcutta, the British had essentially become the rulers of the richest province in the Mughal Empire. Remarkably, the conquest of Bengal had been won not through military might, but through deceit. When does a secret work better than an army? The year was 1756, and British power in India was rising. Tosecure their position in India, the British began fortifying their position in the rich trading city of Calcutta. This effort angered the ruler of Bengal, the region in which Calcutta lay, and he sent his army to attack the British fortifications at Fort William. The fort fell quickly, and more than 140 British defenders were imprisoned in a small, poorly venti-lated jail cell for the night. All but 23 of the prisoners died of dehydration and suffocation. HSFBU!CSJUBJO¯T!!!!!!EFDFJUKEYTERMSBritish East India CompanySepoy MutinyRajIndian National CongressMuslim LeagueMAINIDEAOne of the first examples of European imperialism in Asia, the British rule over India changed Indian poli-tics, economics, and society and led to the rise of Indian nationalism.READINGFOCUS1.What changes set the stage for European imperialism in Asia and Africa?2.What role did the British East India Company play in British imperialism in India?3.What was life like in India when it became a British colony?British generalRobert Clive made asecret deal to gainterritory for Britain.Robert Clive and Mir Jaffar after the Battle of Plassey, by Francis Hayman, 1857
742CHAPTER 25Setting the StageThe arrival of the British in India was an example of European imperialism, the process of one people ruling or controlling another. By 1700, Spain, Great Britain, France, and Por-tugal ruled vast territories in the Americas. Europeans had less success, however, in ruling territory in Asia and Africa. While Europeans had built trading posts along those continents’ coasts, they held little territory farther inland.By the late 1700s, however, European states began expanding their power in Asia and Africa. Two factors that made this possible were new technologies and the weakening of the great empires of Asia and North Africa.New TechnologiesAdvances in technology gave Europeans a huge military advantage over Africans and Asians. Steam-powered gun-boats could attack even inland targets, while repeating rifles, machine guns, and exploding shells made European armies more lethal than ever. Asian and African weapon makers simply could not match these new technologies.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture