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27.Unlike Freud's theory, Erikson's theory of psychosocial development A. sees society as a positive force.B. focuses on biological instincts.C. covers infancy and childhood but not adulthood.D. has much in common with behaviorism.28.Each of Erikson's stages involved a major developmental issue that is particularly important at that time. Erikson referred to these issues as __________ in personality. 29.According to Erikson, the resolution of the crisis at each stage of psychosocial development must include a _______ between positive and negative traits. 30.Pauline is in her fourth stage of development according to the developmental stage theory that Erikson put forth. Under normal conditions, if Pauline lives into old age, in how many stages will she ultimately participate? 31.According to Erikson's psychosocial theory, the first stage of development, which occurs during infancy, is A. trust versus mistrust.B. autonomy versus state of doubt.C. initiative versus guilt.D. industry versus inferiority.32.According to Erikson's psychosocial theory, a teenage girl would be facing the crisis of 33.An example of Erikson's stage of initiative versus guilt would be 34.Freud's research stressed the importance of
35.In contrast with Freud, Erikson placed more emphasis on A. physical development.B. intellectual development.C. the role of parents.D. social and cultural influences.36.A long-lasting change in behavior as a result of experience or adaptation to its environment is called 37.Two important learning theories are ____________ and ______________.