DSST Fundamentals of counseling

In 1951 the american personnel and guidance

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In 1951 the American Personnel and Guidance Association was formed. This Association was the result of a merger between the National Vocational Guidance Association, the American College Personnel Association, and the National Association of Guidance Supervisors and Trainers. The three groups were providing very similar counseling services so their combined strength increased their influence. With the help of The American Counseling Association, counseling is now recognized as a distinct profession.
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The American Counseling Association began as the American Personnel and Guidance Association, changed its name in 1983 to the American Association for counseling and Development and received its latest name in 1991. Counseling is rooted in the notion that individual development is a key factor to a healthy and happy life. This emphasis on the individual explains why the counseling profession has had such success in the United States and other countries that value individual freedom and expression. These are also typically countries where the citizens can afford to pay for counseling services and recognize that a healthy mind is as important as a healthy body. Division 17 of the American Psychological Association (APA) is called Counseling Psychology . There are many professional counseling associations including the 17th division of the APA, the American Mental Health Counselors Association, National Career Development Center, and the Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development to name just a few. A counselor is a trained professional who listens to a person’s problems or issues and asks probing questions so the individual can work toward a solution . There are many types of counseling (debt counseling, financial counseling) but this course refers to psychological counseling that helps people understand themselves and their motivations. Counselors serve as role models for their clients. Counselors are not expected to be perfect or to have everything “all figured out.” What is expected of a counselor is that he or she is willing to do what is necessary to look critically at their lives and make the changes where required. The personal relationship between a client and counselor is the most important factor for success. Counseling is most effective when open honest communication is practiced. Counselors need to reveal themselves as real people so that the client is comfortable revealing his or her innermost thoughts. Genuine emotion and willingness to share thoughts and experience are essential elements of effective counseling. True or False: A counselor’s main role is to give advice. false Counselors serve as a conduit for clients to discover for themselves the best course of action. Counseling is about learning more about a person’s own motivations and actions and then taking the steps necessary to change. Counseling is not dispensing advice and solving people’s problems for them. Counseling is a relationship and a process and it is designed to help people make choices for themselves.
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