The facade of the palace announces its monarchic functions The deep central

The facade of the palace announces its monarchic

This preview shows page 31 - 34 out of 280 pages.

The facade of the palace announces its monarchic functions. The deep central niche on the upper floor, which emphasizes the wall’s solidity, is ideal for royal appearances.As Vanvitelli declared, the central area of the palace “must show off those characteristics that might give to those who enter some notion of the Personage who resides there.”The various statues and inscriptions planned for the entrance declare his virtues: Justice, the measure of our well-being, 31 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
Image of page 31
and Peace, which increases our prosperity, Clemency that sustains the miserable, and Magnificence that sustains the arts “as was known,” Vanvitelli wrote,“of Rome in the times of Augustus,Trajan, Hadrian, in Paris in the celebrated reign of Louis XIV, and now in Naples.” The towers, which were not executed due to later financial constraints, would have lightened the facade’s horizontality with bright vertical accents. For the central cupola the architect may have been thinking of Saint Peter’s, but this suggestion would have been overridden by the patron’s own more pertinent reference to El Escorial. Here, this cupola does not mark a chapel within the palace. Whereas Felipe erected a palace for the lord, Carlos, his son, erects a palace for the realm, inverting ecclesiastical models and confirming a theme of divinization of the monarch.The crowning construction was to have been a pierced belvedere, an airy temple seen from the vast piazza and axial road approaching the palace, rising high and framing the equestrian statue on the pediment as if the royal simulacrum were in triumphal procession. Entering the palace, the visitor’s eye is drawn along a central axis through the ground floor and clear out the back to the garden.This is a grand covered street, a triumphant way that threads three vestibules each of which radiates diagonal glimpses into the courtyards. Many sources for Vanvitelli’s inspiration for these surprising and dramatic vestibules have been suggested, but only Vanvitelli’s first training in scenography can explain the effect of infinite space achieved by the fleeting diagonal planes across the rectangular courtyards. Every view to and through the Reggia suggests the infinite power of its resident, even the interior vistas. That power is also manifest in the materials used in the construction. The dozens of monolithic columns that punctuate the great masses of supporting wall, especially in the vestibules, were a particular passion of Carlos, both for their representational value as achievements of the classical past and for their local provenance from archeological sites across his realm. Even the materials manifest the monarch’s sovereignty across space and time, territory and its history. These connections are made explicit in the few but significant sculptural elements realized at Caserta.At the central ground floor vestibule is a colossal figure of resting Hercules, loosely adapted from 32 the architecture of modern italy
Image of page 32
the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900 1.7–1.9 Luigi Vanvitelli, Reggia, Caserta, 1751–. Front elevation, ground floor plan, partial longi- tudinal section, from Dichiarazione dei disegni del reale palazzo di Caserta , 1756
Image of page 33
Image of page 34

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 280 pages?

  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors