Intention of carrying it to term and handing over the

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intention of carrying it to term and handing over the child to the person(s) for whom she is acting12Available at ; last visited on 22/01/2018, time:10:40 pm (IST).13Garner, Bryan A.,Black’s Law Dictionary, 9thed. 2009.
ISSN 2455-4782235 |P a g eJOURNAL ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF LAW [JCIL]VOLUME 4 ISSUE 7as surrogate. The surrogate is a woman who agrees to have an embryo generated from the spermof a man who is not her husband, and the oocyte for another woman implanted in her womb tocarry the pregnancy to full term and deliver the child to its biological parent(s). In medicalparlance, the term ‘surrogacy’ means using of a substitute mother in the place of the natural mother.The surrogate mother bears a child on behalf of another woman, either from her own egg, whereinthe procedure is called ‘straight or partial surrogacy’ or from the implantation in her womb of afertilized embryo from another woman, wherein the procedure is called ‘gestational/full/host/IVFsurrogacy’.14Inpartial or natural surrogacy, also known astraditional surrogacy, the commissioning motherhas no role to play. The surrogate mother provides her own egg, which is fertilized by artificialinsemination, carries the foetus and gives birth, to a child for another person. She gestates the childwhich makes her the biological or genetic mother of the child.The gestational surrogacy involves the following categories of women: -a) Women with congenital absence of the uterus,b) Women who have had a hysterectomy for hemorrhage, but they still have functional ovaries,c) Women who have suffered repeated miscarriages and for whom the chance of ever carrying ababy to term is too remote, andd) Women who repeatedly fail to implant normal healthy embryos in treatment by IVF.There is another classification of surrogacy arrangements which can either be ‘Commercial’orAltruistic.In ‘Commercial Surrogacy’, the gestational carrier/surrogate mother is paid apart frommedical and other reasonable expenses, to carry a child to maturity in her womb. This is usuallyresorted to by the higher income infertile couples who can afford the cost involved in the surrogacyarrangement and can complete their dreams of becoming parents. The surrogate is not onlyreimbursed but also paid a sum above her surrogacy related expenses ascompensationforsurrogacy services provided by her. Commercial surrogacy is indeed a modern practice as opposed14Rao, Mamta,Surrogacy: The Ethico-Legal Challenge,January 2012, Vol. XIII, Issue-1, pp.12-14.
ISSN 2455-4782236 |P a g eJOURNAL ON CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF LAW [JCIL]VOLUME 4 ISSUE 7to traditional surrogacy. Infertility of either of the partners and the desire for a child has led themto fetch for alternate ways of child bearing.

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