Social interaction nurture that enables us to develop

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social interaction (nurture) that enables us to develop that capacityDevelopment to Self: Sociological Insightsself: one’s identity, comprising a set of learned values and attitudes that develops through social interaction and defines one’s self-imageself-image: an introspective composition of various features and attributes that people see themselves as havingImagine How Others See Us: C.H. Cooleylooking-glass self what we think of ourselves is influenced by how we imagine other people see usoself-consciousness and social consciousness are inseparable because people cannot conceive of themselves without reference to othersotherefore, the self does not emerge independently in the mind but instead is the result of social interactionosociologists could not hope to understand the social world until they could project themselves into the minds of others and see the world as those people did – the essence of the sociological imagination and the sociological perspectiveUnderstanding Ourselves and Others: G.H. MeadMead the self is composed of two complementary elements
o1. I: Mead’s term for that element of the self that is spontaneous, creative, impulsive, and often unpredictableo2. Me: Mead’s term for the socialized element of the selfSignificant others: people we want to impress or gain approval fromGeneralized other: a compilation of attributes associated with the average member of society; represents an individual’s appreciation that other members of society behave within certain socially accepted guidelines and rulesRole-taking: assuming the position of another to better understand that person’s perspectiveAs children grow up, they pass through a series of three distinct stages:oPreparatory stage (birth to age 3) through reinforcement, they develop the I but the me is also forming in the backgroundoPlay stage (ages 3 to 5) me continues to grow because they want to receive positive reinforcement from their significant others. They lean to more accurately communicate their thoughts and feelingsoGame stage (elementary school years) Primary socialization: occurs when people learn the attitudes, values, and appropriate behaviours for individuals in their cultureSecondary socialization: follows primary socialization and occurs through participation in more specific groups with defined roles and expectationsDouble-Consciousness: W.E.B. DuboisBlack Americans as possessing a double-consciousnessDouble-consciousness: Duboi’s term for a sense of self that is defined, in part, through the eyes of othersWas on one hand a deprivation (the inability to see oneself independently from the white majority) but on the other hand a gift (because it enabled a type of “second sight” that allowed adeeper reflective comprehension of the contemporary world)Agents of SocializationAgents of socialization: individuals, groups, and social institutions that together help people to become functioning members of societyFamilies

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