46 appendix 9 gender action plan implementation and

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46 Appendix 9 GENDER ACTION PLAN IMPLEMENTATION AND ACHIEVEMENTS Gender and Development Analysis A. Introduction 1. The Urban Water Supply and Environmental Improvement Project in Madhya Pradesh was designed to rehabilitate and expand urban water supply systems and improve the wastewater collection and treatment systems in the four project cities of Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, and Jabalpur. In doing so, the project has also financed infrastructure, construction, and rehabilitation pertaining to solid waste management (SWM), built the capacity of existing municipal corporations, created community development and awareness programs, and upgraded slums under municipal action plans for poverty reduction (MAPPs). The project’s broad outputs were (i) improved urban water supplies and environment, (ii) a public participation and awareness program, and (iii) project implementation assistance through state- and city-level management and implementation units. 2. Since women are the primary users of water within the household and are primarily responsible for household water management, scarcity of water and sanitation affects women adversely. The Area Improvement Facilities (AIF) and Community Initiative Fund (CIF) allocations within the project were designed with a gender-inclusive approach to ensure that interventions address gender inequalities, reduce the gender gap, and improve women’s access to water, sanitation, and infrastructure by strengthening community collectives, including women who participated in municipal planning and management. 3. A gender action plan (GAP) was prepared for the project. The project strategy and actions incorporated the gender equality issues that emerged from a rapid gender assessment of the four project cities. A baseline survey was also conducted. The project design was informed by women’s priorities from all of these sources. Several strategies were included to facilitate the wo men’s participation and to ensure that activities identified and responded to their needs. Women’s needs were prioritized , with at least 50% of all civil and small-scale community infrastructure activities being based on priorities identified by women and incorporated in the microplans. Social mobilization was a core strategy within the public participation and awareness component to target the most vulnerable communities. The gender manual developed for the project was a practical guide for integrating gender in the MAPP processes, including the formation of community group committees (CGCs), problem identification, analysis, strategy formulation, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation. This was meant to support the preparation of the municipal reforms and environmental infrastructure proposals. Special measures were taken to ensure women’s participation in community -driven planning and decision making.
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