DSST Fundamentals of counseling

There are five main goals of counseling 1 facilitate

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Unformatted text preview: There are five main goals of counseling. 1. Facilitate behavior change – help the individual function in society. 2. Enhance coping skills – help the individual deal with problems as they arise. 3. Promote decision-making – help the individual to develop problem-solving skills and trust their own judgment. 4. Improve relationships – help the individual get along with other people and develop meaningful social interaction. 5. Facilitate clients’ potential – help the individual to become the best person he or she can be as defined by the person him or herself. A counseling certification is a process of recognizing competence in an individual and officially authorizing him or her to use the title “Counselor .” Certification is done by the government or an agency and the person’s transcripts are examined to ensure that all requirements are met. The Council for the Accreditation and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) has developed eight core areas of study that need to be demonstrated as well as requiring 100 hours of supervised counseling and 600 hours of internship experience. The National Board of Certified Counselors was established in 1982 to provide a system to recognize professional competence in counseling. The Board was formed to address the difficulty of distinguishing between licensed and certified counselors. To become a member of the National Board of Certified Counselors an individual must have: 1. Master’s or doctorate in counseling or closely related field from an accredited University. 2. At least 2 years professional counseling experience in a supervised setting. 3. Successful completion of a counselor certification examination. Licensing is a legal process authorized by state legislation. While certification is important there are many in the counseling profession who feel that legal standards are necessary for credibility. State boards have been established with very specific rules and regulations for licensure and the sanctions for violations are reasonably severe. DSM-IV is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association in 1994. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is published by the American Psychiatric Association. DSM-IV is the current edition and was published in 1994, though revised in 2000. The DSM-IV uses multiaxial classification, which involves rating each individual on five separate dimensions. In Axis I of the DSM-IV, all diagnostic categories except personality disorders and mental retardation are present. Personality disorders appear in Axis II, which is separated from Axis I to ensure that long-term problems, such as mental retardation, are not overlooked The presence of an Axis II disorder along with an Axis I disorder usually means that the client's disturbances will be more difficult to treat ....
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There are five main goals of counseling 1 Facilitate...

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