Thus, the brain continues to send hunger signals. As most Americans are in a state of frequent unrest, they continue to eat “empty” foods. Schatzer notes that most Americans"eat too much [as they are] unable to satiate." When food meets needs at "multiple levels," it provides a feeling of "completeness" and offers a satisfaction that's altogether different from being stuffed” (Schatzer 46). But food is seldom “complete” as modern concoctions are all but glucose and chemicals. Thus, society overeats in an endless, insatiable cycle to grow fatter over time. Coupled with a decreased metabolism, inherited issues, or biological complications, obesity cripples its prey. Observant and specific, a biological lens offers a unique perspective on obesity. Aside from crystalline chemistry, a cognitive perspective investigates obesity. Cognitive psychologists inspect the mind’s thought processes and interpretations. Identifying thinking habits and analyzing their effect on behavior, the field strives to re-establish healthful thinking tactics. In terms of obesity, victims (or their perpetrators) often have warped thoughts that lead tounhealthy behavior. Take Shannon Ball, for example. Featured on BBC Liverpool, her tendency
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to “baby” her son caused him to reach a weight of 163.3 pounds at age five. Though Shanin accredits genetics to Leon’s condition, investigators realize that Shanon refuses to discomfort herson, Ms. Ball doing all in her power to avoid mandated diets. Over the course of two hours, Shannon reports feeding Leon a pack of Reese's Peanut Butter Cups, a slice of chocolate cake, a bowl of fruit salad, a portion of Weetabix, and his first supper with fish and peas. As Shannon fears that Leon will not love her if she discomforts or stops feeding him, she does not stop. Quitefrankly, Shannon loves Leon to death. Her son barely able to move, cognitive psychologists counsel Shannon in order to save her son from further trauma. Attempting to break Shannon’s fear of hurting her son has allowed the Ball family to thrive anew. Psychologists analyze Shannon’s mental connections and instill new thinking habits, reestablishing her interpretation oflove and Leon. Though she once feared upsetting Leon, the Ball family can recover thanks to refreshed thinking tactics. Evolution, Charles Darwin’s revolutionary theory, uncovers the root of civilization. Stating that the mind and body adapt over time, it explores ancestral traits. Obesity, a biological and psychological condition, profoundly relates to Evolutionary Psychology. Evolution offers valuable insight as the disease is greatly affected by predestined traits. Michael Moss, a food scientist, examines obesity and evolution in his novel, Sugar Salt Fat. According to Moss, “people eat not so much for pleasure as we do to ward off an awful feeling... hunger is deeply rooted in our past” (Moss 56). In other words, humanity developed a hunger and intense craving for salty, sugary , and fatty foods during evolution. As humanity fought tooth and nail to survive in a scarce environment, humans had to adapt to feel hunger and prevent starvation.
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