Name the main structural components of the HIV virus.What is the HIV genome made of?Name 5 proteins that the HIV genome codes for. Which of those 5 HIV proteins are enzymes and which are structural proteins?Name the steps in the HIV life cycle.Describe the steps required for HIV to enter a cell. Name the viral proteins necessary for HIV to enter a cell. 1
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Name the cellular proteins necessary for HIV to enter a cell. How does HIV make a new copy of its viral genome?Name the steps in the HIV life cycle that make the virus dependent on a host cell.Which steps in the HIV life cycle are dependent on proteins encoded by the HIV genome?When do HIV-specific antibodies develop during HIV infection?How do standard HIV detection tests work?What happens during primary HIV infectionWhat happens during the asymptomatic phase of HIV infectionWhat happens during the AIDS stage of an HIV infection?How does HIV infection cause immunodeficiency?Name at least two opportunistic infections.How does knowing the steps in the HIV life cycle help us understand how HIV is transmitted?Imagine discovering a new virus, what would you need to know to understand how it is transmitted between people?How can HIV be transmitted between adults?How can HIV be transmitted from mother to child?What can increase or decrease the risk of HIV transmission?If you were trying to develop a drug to treat HIV infection, what would be helpful to know?Name at least three classes of antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV infection.Think about how each class of antiretroviral drugs blocks the HIV life cycle and what components of the virus would and would not be present in a cell with the use of thatdrug type. Why is the HIV virus prone to developing drug resistance when treated with a single antiretroviral?Is the difference in genetic diversity between HIV genomes in two different infected individuals higher or lower than the genetic diversity between two different human genomes? Name at least 3 methods to prevent HIV transmission between adults and provide a brief explanation of why they work. Name at least 3 methods to prevent HIV transmission from mother to child and provide a brief explanation of why they work. Describe how the HIV life cycle and the Ebola life cycle are similar and how they differ. Is HIV an infectious disease?Is HIV a contagious disease?Is HIV a vector-borne disease?
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