INT
INT-244 Lecture 1.docx

Protestantism arose as a protest movement against

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Protestantism arose as a "protest" movement against certain practices of the medieval Roman Catholic Church. While Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches have an episcopal (led by bishops) form of church government, Protestant churches may be congregational, presbyterian, or episcopal in structure. Many members of Protestant churches do not feel that they are necessarily "protesting" anything today. Nevertheless, in general, most Christian churches that are not Roman Catholic or Orthodox are typically considered "Protestant" (including most "non-denominational" churches). Though Protestants hold a variety of views on many issues, including the number and significance of the sacraments, Protestantism generally emphasizes the authority of the Bible and that salvation comes by God's grace and by faith alone. Christianity originally arose as a sect within Judaism. Topic 2 will examine Judaism, not only its role as a foundation for the Christian movement, but as it has developed throughout history, by examining the practices and experiences that continue to shape Jewish identity today. References
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Anderson, N. (Ed.). (1975). The world's religions. Grand Rapids, MI: Intervarsity Press. Corduan, W. (2012). Neighboring faiths: A Christian introduction to world religions (2 nd ed.). Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic. Egly, C. (2000). Eastern Orthodox Christians and iconography. Retrieved from Fitzgerald, T. (2014). The Sacraments. Retrieved from Pew Research Center. (2011). Global Christianity − A report on the size and distribution of the world's Christian population. Retreived from Zacharias, R. (2014). The uniqueness of Christ in a world of religions. Retrieved from - world-religions-part-1-of-2/
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