India is a vast and diverse nation so what works in what state wont necessarily

India is a vast and diverse nation so what works in

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India is a vast and diverse nation so what works in what state won’t necessarily work in another, that’s why states are now being given the flexibility to adopt the messages and methods that resonate most with the social and cultural sensibilities of their people o Each state’s success will be monitored through an annual survey conducted by independent agencies o Based on the findings, the World Bank will release financial incentives to well-performing states every year o This grant money will trickle down to successful villages through the district and block levels o The program aims to ensure that all villages not only end open defecation, but also sustain their open defecation free status The World Bank is supporting the Government of India’s Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) with a $1.5 billion loan Lecture Video 5: Poisoned Water Flint, Michigan o Officials changed water sources to save money
o Once a child has lead in their system there’s nothing to do o One drink and a child is poisoned with lead Flint River is the new source of drinking water o There was nothing wrong with the city’s old water source, Lake Huron o So the switch was done ONLY to save money 2011, Flint was close to bankruptcy o Governor Rick Snyder stripped power from city officials and assigned a series of emergency managers to fix Flint’s financial crisis An emergency manager can come into a community take the powers of a mayor and a city council and make decisions Dayne Walling – Former Flint Mayor o Flint purchased premium water from Detroit before switching to Flint River The emergency managers made a plan to build a pipeline from Flint city to Lake Huron o However this would take many years o In the meantime, the city would use water from Flint River and treat it at the old Flint Water Plant Problems from the start o There was rust in the water o Water smelt like bleach and rotten eggs o People were getting rashes, muscle aches and pains o Hair was thinning and people were balding People were told that the brown water was from the city winterizing the system LeeAnne Walters o Stay-at-home mom o Decided to ask the city detailed questions about how the water was being treated She requested documents from the city About the water treatment plant How they were treating the water What chemicals were being used What the raw water data was before they treated the water o She has no training in civil engineering, this was an independent investigation of her own How was Flint treating the water? o Similar to the way that any other city would treat their water o Cincinnati has been treating their own river water for 200 years Water starts out straight from the river, brown and cloudy with particles Treatment plants use a coagulant to make debris and particles stick to themselves The bigger and heavier pieces of particles sticking together eventually sink to the bottom This moves about 90%-95% of the solids in the water just through the coagulation process alone

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