DISCUSSION & WRITING 1.What is the difference between“conservation” and “preservation”as championed by Gifford Pinchotand John Muir? Whose view doyou agree with more? Why? 2.Do you agree with PresidentTheodore Roosevelt’s decisionto back the building of a dam inYosemite’s Hetch Hetchy Val-ley? Explain. 3. The National Park Service has two somewhat contradictory missions: to provide for the people’s “enjoy- ment” of the national parks and to leave them “unimpaired.” Which mission do you think is more im- portant? Why? National Park System Dilemmas Much controversy surrounds today’s national park system policies on preserving and restoring original ecosystem conditions. Form small groups. Each group should discuss and decide one of the following dilemmas. Each group will then report and defend its decision. 1.Lightning has ignited a forest in Yosemite National Park. Some wantto let the fire naturally burn itself out. But this will scar the sceneryfor a decade or more, destroy many animals, and possibly threatencommunities outside the park. What should park authorities do? 2.Wolves have been reintroduced in Yellowstone National Park. Thestate of Wyoming has set a limit on the number of wolves huntersmay kill outside the park each year. After the limit is reached,should ranchers near the park be allowed to kill a wolf that isthreatening livestock? 3.An elk has broken through the ice on a lake in Grand Teton Na-tional Park. The elk is weakening and will soon drown. Nearby isan NPS ranger with his vehicle that has a winch and rope. Whatshould the ranger do? 4. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge along Alaska’s northern coast is the largest protected wilderness in the U.S. Congress delayed deciding whether to permit oil drilling in Area 1002, making up less than 10 percent of the refuge. Supporters say drilling is needed to reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil and keep gas prices from going too high. Opponents say that drilling sites, roads, pipelines and possible oil spills will harm the primitive ecosystem of Area 1002, which includes a birthing ground for cari- bou. What should Congress do? 5 In 2010, Congress and President Obama lifted the federal ban on visitors carrying concealed and loaded guns into the national parks. Those in favor cited the need for self-defense and Second Amendment rights. Those against warned about shooting at wildlife, illegal hunting, and park vandalism. As potential visitors to national parks, what is your view? ACTIVITY facebook.com/ ConstitutionalRightsFoundation (c) 2013 Constitutional Rights Foundation
10 Sources National Parks “A Brief History of Pinnacles National Park.” KCET. 16 Jan. 2013. URL: · Brinkley, Douglas. The Wilderness Warrior: Theodore Roosevelt and the Crusade for America. NY: Harper, 2009.