God has destined some people for salvation by His grace and, because of their sin and unbelief, has left others to damnation by His wrath.”18God is just in leaving the non-elect to perish through human responsibility for the actions as mentioned in the free will of man section. The fact that God must elect in order for salvation to occur is explained in the first element of salvation: regeneration.RegenerationThe regeneration of a person simply means that a person has been born again in the Spirit. In the salvation of the lost, regeneration is required before someone can respond to the callof God. Jesus told this very thing to Nicodemus, “unless one is born again he cannotsee the kingdom of God.”19Regeneration must happen first as Robert Picirilli correctly explains, “A manis not regenerated because he has first believed in Christ, but he believes in Christ because he hasbeen regenerated.”20It is because of their depravity that it is impossible for a person to make that decision for themselves so, God sends His Spirit to open the eyes and ears of the non-believer, spiritually speaking, so that they become are able to understand the redemptive message of the 17ESV.18John MacArthur, “Israel’s Unbelief is Consistent with God’s Plan Part 2.” The John MacArthur New Testament Commentary: Romans 9-16,. (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 1994) : 37.19John 3:3, ESV.20Robert Picirilli, Grace, Faith, Free Will: Contrasting Views of Salvation,(Nashville: Randall House Publications, 2002): 229.