40 latitude south placing it in the path of the

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40° latitude South, placing it in the path of the ‘Roaring Forties’, a strong prevailing westerly wind. The land is generally flat, with the high point being 168 metres above sea level at Gentle Annie in the southeast (Morgan 1998). King Island has many natural values, including the often rugged coastline, beautiful beaches, lagoons, wetlands and a range of plants and animals. The island is also home to a number of endemic and/or threatened species of plant and animal. Residents and visitors alike are strongly linked to the Island and its ‘environment’. Its natural resources provide the basis for the main industries of agriculture, fishing and tourism and are a major source of recreation for residents, such as fishing, horse riding, diving and camping. The responsible management of these natural values is fundamental to protecting the Island’s industries and way of life for the community as a whole. All species provide an interesting variety and richness to King Island; from the smallest snail to the largest trees, they play a role in keeping the ecosystems of the Island working. Across Australia and the world, many plant and animal species are under threat of extinction: unfortunately King Island has not been immune to this, and a number of its species are at risk of being lost forever. Currently there are 50 plant species and 12 animal species on King Island that are listed as threatened. The King Island Biodiversity Management Plan (the Plan) endeavours to manage the Island’s biodiversity in a manner that ensures the viability of threatened flora and fauna, whilst balancing this with the social values and economic needs of the people. 1.1 Scope of the Plan The Plan covers King Island, New Year and Christmas Islands located off the northwest coast of King Island, and Councillor Island, located off King Island’s east coast (Figure 1). The Plan includes: an overview of the Island, covering the physical environment and the dynamics of the human community; information about plant and animal species; an outline of the threats to biodiversity; and actions to manage both the threats and the long term viability of these species. The Plan includes plant and animal species on King Island that are listed under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) and/or the Tasmanian Threatened Species Act 1995 (TSP Act). Additional species are included where: King Island is a stronghold in their range; the species is endemic to King Island; there is significant breeding habitat on King Island; or King Island Biodiversity Management Plan 1
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the species is considered by the King Island community as important to manage. King Island Biodiversity Management Plan 2
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Figure 1. Map of King Island King Island Biodiversity Management Plan 3
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The Plan does not include the management of the immediately surrounding marine species, as these are managed through other mechanisms.
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