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A culture whose members feel loyalties and obligations to an in-group such as one’s extended family, community or even the organization one works forDepth:In the social penetration model, it is the second dimension of self-disclosure; here the people interacting shift fromrelatively unrevealing messages to more personal ones
Distorted Feedback: Information that can skew a person’s self-concept; such feedback might be excessively favorable because of other’s less than honest behavior (Example: A boss may claim to. Be an excellent manager because his assistants pour on false praise in order to keep their jobs)Equivocal Language: Ambiguous language that has two or more equally plausible meaningsFace: The image an individual wants to project to the worldFacework:Actions people take to preserve their own and other’s presenting imagesIdentity Management: The communication strategies people use to influence how others view themIndividualistic Culture: A culture in which people view their primary responsibility as being to themselvesJohari Window:A model that describes the relationship between self-disclosure and self-awarenessLie:A deliberate act of deceptionMyth of Perfection: Along with the obsolete information and distorted feedback, another cause for low self-esteem or skewed self-concept that is common in our society. From the time most of us learn to understand language, we are exposed to models who appear to be perfect at whatever they do. As we grow up though we learn that this “perfection” is a facade.Negative Mood:A state of being where people view themselves more harshly than the facts warrant. People are more critical of themselves when they are experience negative moods than when they are feeling more positiveObsolete Information:Information that can skew a person’s self-concept; such information is usually outdated and unhelpful to the person in questionPerceived Self:The person we believe ourselves to be in moments of candor. It may be identical with or different from presenting and desired selvesPresenting Self:The image a person presents to others. It may be identical with or different from the perceived and desired selvesReference Groups:Groups against which we compare ourselves, which thereby influence our self-concept and self-esteemReflected Appraisal: The theory that a person’s self-concept matches the way the person believes others regard him or herSelf-Concept:The relatively stable set of perceptions each indicial holds him or herselfSelf-Control: The ability to change (one’s thoughts, behaviors, emotions, etc.) in order to conform to an expectationSelf-Disclosure: The process of deliberately revealing information about oneself that is important and that would not normally be known by others
Self-Esteem: The part of the self-concept that involves evaluations of self-worthSelf-Fulfilling Prophecy:A person’s expectations of an event and his or her subsequent behavior based on those