2.The gatherings attracted women and menhungry for a more immediate access tospiritual peace, one not requiring years ofsoul-searching.3.Ministers adopted an emotional style andinvited an immediate experience of con-version and salvation.4. From 1800 to 1820, church membershipdoubled in the United States, much of itamong the evangelical groups.5.The leading exemplar of the Second GreatAwakening was lawyer-turned-ministerCharles Grandison Finney, who directedhis message primarily at men and womenof the business classes.6. Finney argued that a reign of Christianperfection loomed, one that wouldrequire public-spirited outreach to theless-than-perfect to foster their salvation.7. Finney adopted Jacksonian-era tactics tosell his cause: publicity, argumentation,rallies, and speeches.B. The Temperance Movement and the Cam-paign for Moral Reform1. The evangelical disposition — a combi-nation of faith, energy, self-discipline,and righteousness — animated vigorouscampaigns to eliminate alcohol abuse anderadicate sexual sin. 2. Alcohol consumption had risen steadilyin the decades up to the 1830s.3. Organized opposition to drinking firstsurfaced in the 1810s among health andreligious reformers.4. In 1826, Lyman Beecher founded theAmerican Temperance Society, whichheld that drinking led to poverty, idle-ness, crime, and family violence.5.In 1836, leaders of the temperance move-ment regrouped into a new society, theAmerican Temperance Union, whichdemanded total abstinence from itsadherents.6. The intensified war against alcoholmoved beyond individual moral suasioninto the realm of politics.